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Methods to develop figure rating scales (FRS): A systematic review


Jayawardena, R and Sooriyaarachchi, P and Kagawa, M and Hills, AP and King, NA, Methods to develop figure rating scales (FRS): A systematic review, Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: clinical research & reviews, 15, (3) pp. 687-693. ISSN 1871-4021 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© 2021 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Diabetes India.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.dsx.2021.03.026


Background and aims: Figure Rating Scales (FRS) are psychometric instruments developed to measure individual’s perception of physical appearance and subsequently, to determine the level of body dissatisfaction. The following systematic review summarizes existing FRSs and the techniques used to development them.

Methods: A systematic search was conducted in the following databases; PubMed®, Web of Science®, Scopus® using key words "figure rating scale" AND "Stunkard".

Results: From 466 potentially relevant articles, 24 publications were included, 22 publications reporting original FRSs with the other two scales being modifications of the original for children and babies. Fifteen were figural drawings or silhouettes and nine were developed by photographic techniques, video methods or using computer software. Most of the figural scales were applicable for adults and consisted of nine images. Ten of the 15 figural scales were without facial features and four scales had minimal facial features. Technological advancements including 3D modeling have played a pivotal role in the development of FRSs.

Conclusions: FRSs have been developed by a mix of traditional and modern techniques. The development and validation of ethnic specific FRSs using modern technology should be the priority for future studies.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:figure rating scale, Stunkard, FRS, silhouettes, figural
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Nutrition and dietetics
Research Field:Public health nutrition
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and health
UTAS Author:Hills, AP (Professor Andrew Hills)
ID Code:146450
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2021-09-08
Last Modified:2022-08-25

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