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Oceans and society: feedbacks between ocean and human health

Citation

Nash, KL and Van Putten, I and Alexander, KA and Bettiol, S and Cvitanovic, C and Farmery, AK and Flies, EJ and Ison, S and Kelly, R and Mackay, M and Murray, L and Norris, K and Robinson, LM and Scott, J and Ward, D and Vince, J, Oceans and society: feedbacks between ocean and human health, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries pp. 1-27. ISSN 1573-5184 (2021) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11160-021-09669-5

Abstract

The concentration of human population along coastlines has far-reaching effects on ocean and societal health. The oceans provide benefits to humans such as food, coastal protection and improved mental well-being, but can also impact negatively via natural disasters. At the same time, humans influence ocean health, for example, via coastal development or through environmental stewardship. Given the strong feedbacks between ocean and human health there is a need to promote desirable interactions, while minimising undesirable interactions. To this end, we articulate two scenarios for 2030. First, Business-as-Usual, named ‘Command and (out of) Control’, focuses on the anticipated future based on our current trajectory. Second, a more sustainable scenario called ‘Living and Connecting’, emphasises the development of interactions between oceans and society consistent with achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. We describe a potential pathway to achieving the ‘Living and Connecting’ scenario, centred on improving marine citizenship, achieving a more equitable distribution of power among stakeholders, and more equitable access to resources and opportunities. The constituent actions of this pathway can be categorised into four groups: (i) improved approaches to science and health communication that account for society’s diverse values, beliefs and worldviews, (ii) a shift towards more trusted relationships among stakeholders to enable two-way knowledge exchange, (iii) economic incentives that encourage behavioural changes necessary for achieving desired sustainability outcomes, and (iv) stronger regulations that simultaneously focus on ocean and human health. We contend that these changes will provide improved outcomes for both oceans and society over the United Nations Decade of Ocean Science.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Rehabilitation or conservation of marine environments
UTAS Author:Nash, KL (Dr Kirsty Nash)
UTAS Author:Van Putten, I (Dr Ingrid Van Putten)
UTAS Author:Alexander, KA (Dr Karen Alexander)
UTAS Author:Bettiol, S (Dr Silvana Bettiol)
UTAS Author:Cvitanovic, C (Dr Christopher Cvitanovic)
UTAS Author:Farmery, AK (Ms Anna Farmery)
UTAS Author:Flies, EJ (Dr Emily Flies)
UTAS Author:Ison, S (Ms Sierra Ison)
UTAS Author:Kelly, R (Dr Rachel Kelly)
UTAS Author:Mackay, M (Ms Mary Mackay)
UTAS Author:Norris, K (Professor Kimberley Norris)
UTAS Author:Scott, J (Professor Jenn Scott)
UTAS Author:Ward, D (Dr Delphi Ward)
UTAS Author:Vince, J (Dr Joanna Vince)
ID Code:146385
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2021-09-03
Last Modified:2021-10-12
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