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Diel shifts in the structure and function of nearshore estuarine fish communities


Yeoh, DE and Valesini, FJ and Hallett, CS and Abdo, DA and Williams, J, Diel shifts in the structure and function of nearshore estuarine fish communities, Journal of Fish Biology, 90, (4) pp. 1214-1243. ISSN 0022-1112 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles

DOI: doi:10.1111/jfb.13222


Day–night shifts in the nearshore fish fauna of a temperate microtidal estuary were assessed using a holistic suite of structural and functional community attributes. Mean fish species richness and diversity (taxonomic distinctness) were higher at night across all regions of the estuary and seasons, concurring with the findings of numerous comparable studies reviewed worldwide, while the diel period in which mean abundance was higher varied among seasons. Likewise, species and functional guild compositions (the latter based on feeding modes and habitat use) both differed significantly between day and night, with the extent of the diel shift again varying seasonally. Daytime fish communities were characterized by higher abundances of Atherinidae, Sillaginidae and Mugilidae, while Gobiidae were far more abundant at night. Marked shifts in size composition were also evident, with smaller fishes (<100 mm total length, LT) being more prevalent during the day and larger fishes (≥200 mm LT) proportionally more abundant at night. The above diel shifts were feasibly related to a range of predator–prey interactions and feeding-related movements, namely a nocturnal decrease in top-order avian piscivory coupled with an increase in invertebrate prey availability, resulting in changes in the presence and catchability of certain fish species in shallow estuarine waters.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:estuarine fish, Walpole, fish community, climate change, marine park, estuarine ecology, environmental flows
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Community ecology (excl. invasive species ecology)
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Coastal and estuarine systems and management
Objective Field:Rehabilitation or conservation of coastal or estuarine environments
UTAS Author:Williams, J (Dr Joel Williams)
ID Code:146379
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2021-09-03
Last Modified:2021-11-23

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