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Personality, staff attitudes and their association with absenteeism and presenteeism in Australian public sector hospital-based nurses: A cross-sectional study

Citation

Banks, C and Pearson, S, Personality, staff attitudes and their association with absenteeism and presenteeism in Australian public sector hospital-based nurses: A cross-sectional study, Journal of Nursing Management, 29, (8) pp. 2639-2646. ISSN 0966-0429 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2021 John Wiley & Sons

DOI: doi:10.1111/jonm.13443

Abstract

Aim: To examine how personality and attitudes to sick leave influence nurses self-reported rates of absenteeism and presenteeism.

Background: Despite the significant economic cost and negative impact of absenteeism and presenteeism in health care, there has been limited research looking at personality (using the five-factor model) and absenteeism and presenteeism in nurses.

Methods: A cross-sectional online survey of 320 nurses.

Results: Low emotional stability was significantly associated with higher presenteeism. Shift work predicted more absenteeism, whereas those who believed that a culture of entitlement to sick leave existed in the health service were less likely to be absent from work. Increased work-related stress was also a significant predictor of presenteeism.

Conclusion: The results of this study highlight the role of personality, stress and attitudes in nurses' decision to be absent or present at work when they are sick.

Implications for nursing management: Nurses are the largest workforce in health care settings. Reducing absenteeism and presenteeism in nursing through a greater understanding of the influencing factors will limit the economic impacts of this behaviour and improve patient safety.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:absenteeism, presenteeism, attitudes, nurses, personality, shift work
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Behavioural epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Provision of health and support services
Objective Field:Nursing
UTAS Author:Pearson, S (Dr Sue Pearson)
ID Code:146363
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2021-09-01
Last Modified:2022-01-14
Downloads:0

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