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Time-delay measurements from Antarctic neutron monitor stations indicate weak spectral changes during 27-day variations

Citation

Muangha, P and Ruffolo, D and Saiz, A and Banglieng, C and Evenson, P and Seunarine, S and Oh, S and Jung, J and Duldig, M and Humble, J, Time-delay measurements from Antarctic neutron monitor stations indicate weak spectral changes during 27-day variations, Proceedings of the 37th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC 2021), Paper 1285, 12-23 July 2021, Virtual Conference, Online (Berlin, Germany) (2021) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]


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Abstract

Using neutron time-delay data from neutron monitors (NMs), we can extract the leader fraction, L, of neutron counts that do not follow a previous neutron count in the same counter tube due to the cosmic ray shower. L is the inverse of the neutron multiplicity and serves as a proxy of the cosmic ray spectral index over the rigidity range of the NM response function. We have outfitted several Antarctic NMs with special electronics to collect neutron time delay distributions. We present a comparative analysis of L during two time periods: 1) during December 2015 to January 2017, for NMs at South Pole (SP), McMurdo (MC), and Jang Bogo (JB), and 2) during February 2020 to February 2021, for NMs at SP, JB, and Mawson (MA). To first order L varies in concert with the count rate C, reflecting unrolling of the Galactic cosmic ray (GCR) spectrum as part of solar modulation during the declining phase of solar cycle 24 and during solar minimum. However, during 27-day variations inCdue to high-speed solar wind streams (HSSs) and corotating interaction regions (CIRs), L usually had a very weak variation. Our results indicate weak GeVrange GCR spectral variation due to HSSs and CIRs, relative to the flux variation, in contrast with the strong observed spectral variation due to solar modulation.

Item Details

Item Type:Non Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:cosmic rays, cosmic ray spectrum, neutron monitor, solar cycle modulation, high speed solar wind streams, corotating interaction regions
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Astronomical sciences
Research Field:High energy astrophysics and galactic cosmic rays
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences
UTAS Author:Duldig, M (Dr Marc Duldig)
UTAS Author:Humble, J (Dr John Humble)
ID Code:146269
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Physics
Deposited On:2021-08-26
Last Modified:2021-09-14
Downloads:0

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