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Children’s pictures of COVID-19 and measures to mitigate its spread: An international qualitative study


Bray, L and Blake, L and Protheroe, J and Nafria, B and Garcia de Avila, MA and Angstrom-Brannstrom, C and Forsner, M and Campbell, S and Ford, K and Rullander, A-C and Robichaud, F and Jenholt Nolbris, M and Saron, H and Kirton, JA and Carter, B, Children's pictures of COVID-19 and measures to mitigate its spread: An international qualitative study, Health Education Journal, 80, (7) pp. 811-832. ISSN 0017-8969 (2021) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2021 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1177/00178969211019459


Objectives: To gain insight into children’s health-related knowledge and understanding of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) and COVID-19, and measures adopted to mitigate transmission.

Design: A child-centred qualitative creative element embedded in an online mixed-methods survey of children aged 7–12years.

Setting: Children participated in the study in six countries – the UK, Australia, Sweden, Brazil, Spain and Canada.

Method: A qualitative creative component, embedded in an online survey, prompted children to draw and label a picture. Children were recruited via their parents using the researchers’ professional social media accounts, through known contacts, media and websites from health organisations within each country. Analysis of the form and content of the children’s pictures took place.

Results: A total of 128 children (mean age 9.2 years) submitted either a hand-drawn (n = 111) or digitally created (n = 17) picture. Four main themes were identified which related to children’s healthrelated knowledge of (1) COVID-19 and how it is transmitted; (2) measures and actions to mitigate transmission; (3) places of safety during the pandemic; and (4) children’s role in mitigating COVID-19 transmission.

Conclusion: Children’s pictures indicated a good understanding of the virus, how it spreads and how to mitigate transmission. Children depicted their actions during the pandemic as protecting themselves, their families and wider society.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:children, COVID-19, health-related knowledge, pandemic, pictures
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Cardiovascular medicine and haematology
Research Field:Respiratory diseases
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Treatment of human diseases and conditions
UTAS Author:Campbell, S (Dr Steven Campbell)
UTAS Author:Ford, K (Dr Karen Ford)
ID Code:146184
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Nursing
Deposited On:2021-08-24
Last Modified:2022-08-25
Downloads:10 View Download Statistics

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