Clare, PJ and Aiken, A and Yuen, WS and Upton, E and Kypri, K and Degenhardt, L and Bruno, R and McCambridge, J and McBride, N and Hutchinson, D and Slade, T and Mattick, R and Peacock, A, Alcohol use among young Australian adults in May-June 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic: a prospective cohort study, Addiction pp. 1-10. ISSN 0965-2140 (2021) [Refereed Article]
© 2021 Society for the Study of Addiction
Aims: To estimate change in young people's alcohol consumption during COVID-19 restrictions in Australia in early-mid 2020, and test whether those changes were consistent by gender and level of consumption prior to the pandemic.
Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort.
Setting: Secondary schools in New South Wales, Tasmania and Western Australia.
Participants: Subsample of a cohort (n = 443) recruited in the first year of secondary school in 2010-11. Analysis data included three waves collected in September 2017-July 2018, September 2018-May 2019 and August 2019-January 2020), and in May-June 2020.
Measurements: The primary predictors were time, gender and level of consumption prior to the pandemic. Outcome variables, analysed by mixed-effects models, included frequency and typical quantity of alcohol consumption, binge drinking, peak consumption, alcohol-related harm and drinking contexts.
Findings: Overall consumption (frequency × quantity) during the restrictions declined by 17% [incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 0.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.73, 0.95] compared to February 2020, and there was a 35% decline in the rate of alcohol-related harms in the same period (IRR = 0.66; 95% CI = 0.54, 0.79). Changes in alcohol consumption were largely consistent by gender.
Conclusions: From a survey of secondary school students in Australia, there is evidence for a reduction in overall consumption and related harms during the COVID-19 restrictions.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||alcohol, COVID-19, epidemiology, prospective cohort, public health, young adults|
|Research Group:||Clinical and health psychology|
|Research Field:||Clinical psychology|
|Objective Division:||Expanding Knowledge|
|Objective Group:||Expanding knowledge|
|Objective Field:||Expanding knowledge in psychology|
|UTAS Author:||Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||10|
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