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Alcohol use among young Australian adults in May-June 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic: a prospective cohort study

Citation

Clare, PJ and Aiken, A and Yuen, WS and Upton, E and Kypri, K and Degenhardt, L and Bruno, R and McCambridge, J and McBride, N and Hutchinson, D and Slade, T and Mattick, R and Peacock, A, Alcohol use among young Australian adults in May-June 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic: a prospective cohort study, Addiction pp. 1-10. ISSN 0965-2140 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2021 Society for the Study of Addiction

DOI: doi:10.1111/add.15599

Abstract

Aims: To estimate change in young people's alcohol consumption during COVID-19 restrictions in Australia in early-mid 2020, and test whether those changes were consistent by gender and level of consumption prior to the pandemic.

Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort.

Setting: Secondary schools in New South Wales, Tasmania and Western Australia.

Participants: Subsample of a cohort (n = 443) recruited in the first year of secondary school in 2010-11. Analysis data included three waves collected in September 2017-July 2018, September 2018-May 2019 and August 2019-January 2020), and in May-June 2020.

Measurements: The primary predictors were time, gender and level of consumption prior to the pandemic. Outcome variables, analysed by mixed-effects models, included frequency and typical quantity of alcohol consumption, binge drinking, peak consumption, alcohol-related harm and drinking contexts.

Findings: Overall consumption (frequency quantity) during the restrictions declined by 17% [incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 0.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.73, 0.95] compared to February 2020, and there was a 35% decline in the rate of alcohol-related harms in the same period (IRR = 0.66; 95% CI = 0.54, 0.79). Changes in alcohol consumption were largely consistent by gender.

Conclusions: From a survey of secondary school students in Australia, there is evidence for a reduction in overall consumption and related harms during the COVID-19 restrictions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:alcohol, COVID-19, epidemiology, prospective cohort, public health, young adults
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Clinical psychology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)
ID Code:146086
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2021-08-20
Last Modified:2021-09-28
Downloads:0

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