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“It was like nobody cared about what I said?” Iranian women committed self-immolation: a qualitative study


Aghakhani, N and Lopez, V and Parizad, N and Baghaei, R, 'It was like nobody cared about what I said?' Iranian women committed self-immolation: a qualitative study, BMC Women's Health, 21 pp. 1-7. ISSN 1472-6874 (2021) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

© The Author(s) 2021. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License, ( which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

DOI: doi:10.1186/s12905-021-01221-8


Background: Suicide-attempts have increased across the world and have become higher among females. There has been a high prevalence of self-immolation in Iran, mostly young married women admitted to the burn centers. This study aimed to explore the factors and experiences of self-immolation in Iranian married women to develop prevention strategies to prevent the personal, social, and economic impacts of suicide and suicide attempts.

Methods: A qualitative descriptive approach using open-ended, in-depth, face-to-face interviews was conducted in a purposive sample of 16 married Iranian women aged 16–40 years in the burn centers in Urmia city, a place in northwest Iran. Conventional content analysis was used to analyze the data.

Results: Three themes emerged from the data, including (1) antecedents of self-immolation, (2) suicidal ideation method, and (3) pathway to recovery. Each of these themes is supported by sub-themes.

Conclusions: The study highlights the demand for health professionals to support self-immolation survivors to continue their normal lives. According to survivors’ needs, a comprehensive supportive program is recommended to support their pathways to recovery in all its complexities. Health professionals should also not forget that the survivors’ family also will need help to overcome this trauma. A family counseling program may also be provided.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Iran, qualitative, self-immolation, survivors, women
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Nursing
Research Field:Mental health nursing
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Provision of health and support services
Objective Field:Nursing
UTAS Author:Lopez, V (Professor Violeta Lopez)
ID Code:146073
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2021-08-19
Last Modified:2021-09-08
Downloads:17 View Download Statistics

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