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Enhanced monitoring of life in the sea is a critical component of conservation management and sustainable economic growth


Estes Jr, M and Anderson, C and Appeltans, W and Bax, N and Bednarsek, N and Canonico, G and Djavidnia, S and Escobar, E and Fietzek, P and Gregoire, M and Hazen, E and Kavanaugh, M and Lejzerowicz, F and Lombard, F and Miloslavich, P and Moller, KO and Monk, J and Montes, E and Moustahfid, H and Muelbert, MMC and Muller-Karger, F and Peavey Reeves, LE and Satterthwaite, EV and Schmidt, JO and Sequeira, AMM and Turner, W and Weatherdon, LV, Enhanced monitoring of life in the sea is a critical component of conservation management and sustainable economic growth, Marine Policy, 132 Article 104699. ISSN 0308-597X (2021) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license, (

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104699


Marine biodiversity is a fundamental characteristic of our planet that depends on and influences climate, water quality, and many ocean state variables. It is also at the core of ecosystem services that can make or break economic development in any region. Our purpose is to highlight the need for marine biological observations to inform science and conservation management and to support the blue economy. We provide ten recommendations, applicable now, to measure and forecast biological Essential Ocean Variables (EOVs) as part of economic monitoring efforts. The UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (20212030) provides a timely opportunity to implement these recommendations to benefit humanity and enable the USD 3 trillion global ocean economy expected by 2030.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:monitoring marine life, economic growth, ocean decade, biodiversity, essential ocean variables, marine biological data, sustainable, blue economy, ecological forecasting
Research Division:Human Society
Research Group:Policy and administration
Research Field:Environment policy
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Rehabilitation or conservation of marine environments
UTAS Author:Monk, J (Dr Jacquomo Monk)
ID Code:145726
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:12
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2021-08-04
Last Modified:2021-11-22
Downloads:11 View Download Statistics

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