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BIGGER ORGANS and ELEPHANT EAR-LIKE LEAF1 control organ size and floral organ internal asymmetry in pea


Li, X and Liu, W and Zhuang, L and Zhu, Y and Wang, F and Chen, T and Yang, J and Ambrose, M and Hu, Z and Weller, JL and Luo, D, BIGGER ORGANS and ELEPHANT EAR-LIKE LEAF1 control organ size and floral organ internal asymmetry in pea, Journal of Experimental Botany, 70, (1) pp. 179-191. ISSN 0022-0957 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© The Author(s) 2018

DOI: doi:10.1093/jxb/ery352


Control of organ size and shape by cell proliferation and cell expansion is a fundamental process during plant development, but the molecular mechanisms that set the final size and shape of determinate organs in plants remain unclear, especially in legumes. In this study, we characterized several mutants including bigger organs (bio) and elephant-ear-like leaf 1 (ele1) in pea that displayed similar phenotypes, with enlarged leaves and symmetrical lateral and ventral petals. Genetic analysis showed that BIO interacted with the specific regulators SYMMETRICAL PETAL1 (SYP1) and SYP5 to control floral organ internal asymmetry in pea. Using a comparative approach, we cloned BIO and ELE1, revealing that they encode a KIX domain protein and an ortholog of Arabidopsis PEAPOD (PPD), respectively. Furthermore, genetic analysis, physical interaction assays, and gene expression analysis showed that BIO and ELE1 physically interact with each other and with the transcription factor LATHYROIDES (LATH) to repress expression of downstream genes such as GROWTH-REGULATING-FACTOR 5. Our data show that the BIO–ELE1 module in legumes plays a key role in regulating organ development to create distinct final forms with characteristic size and shape.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:BIGGER ORGANS, ELEPHANT EAR-LIKE LEAF1, IN asymmetry, LATHYROIDES, organ size and shape, Pisum sativum, pea, lotus flower, development, genetic
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant cell and molecular biology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Grains and seeds
Objective Field:Grain legumes
UTAS Author:Weller, JL (Associate Professor Jim Weller)
ID Code:145577
Year Published:2019
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP120101241)
Web of Science® Times Cited:26
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2021-07-27
Last Modified:2021-09-02

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