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The Interdependence of Blood Pressure and Glucose in Vietnam

Citation

Nga, TTT and Blizzard, CL and Khue, LN and Le Van Ngoc, T and Bao, TQ and Otahal, P and Nelson, MR and Magnussen, CG and Tan, BV and Srikanth, V and Thuy, AB and Son, HT and Hai, PN and Mai, TH and Callisaya, M and Gall, S, The Interdependence of Blood Pressure and Glucose in Vietnam, High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention, 28, (2) pp. 141-150. ISSN 1120-9879 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1007/s40292-020-00431-9

Abstract

Introduction: Modelling of associations of systolic blood pressure (BP) and blood glucose (BG) with their explanatory factors in separate regressions treats them as having independent biological mechanisms. This can lead to statistical inferences that are unreliable because the substantial overlap in their etiologic and disease mechanisms is ignored.

Aim: This study aimed to examine the relationship of systolic blood pressure (BP) and blood glucose (BG) with measures of obesity and central fat distribution and other factors whilst taking account of the inter-dependence between them.

Methods: Participants (n = 14706, 53.5 % females) aged 25-64 years were selected by multi-stage stratified cluster sampling from eight provinces each representing one of the eight geographical regions of Vietnam. Measurements were made using the World Health Organization STEPS protocols.

Results: Structural modelling identified direct effects for BG (men P = 0.000, women P = 0.029), age (men P = 0.000, women P = 0.000) and body mass index (BMI) (men P = 0.000, women P = 0.000) in the estimation of systolic BP, and for systolic BP (men P = 0.036, women P = 0.000) and waist circumference (WC) (men P = 0.032, women P = 0.009) in the estimation of BG. There were indirect effects of age, cholesterol, physical activity and tobacco smoking via their influence on WC and BMI. The errors in estimation of systolic BP and BG were correlated (men P = 0.000, women P = 0.004), the stability indices (men 0.466, women 0.495) showed the non-recursive models were stable, and the proportion of variance explained was mid-range (men 0.553, women 0.579).

Conclusion: This study provided statistical evidence of a feedback loop between systolic BP and BG. BMI and WC were confirmed to be their primary explanatory factors. Saturated fat intake and physical activity were identified as possible targets of intervention for overweight and obesity, and indirectly for reducing systolic BP and BG. Harmful/hazardous alcohol intake was identified as a target of intervention for systolic BP.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:blood glucose, blood pressure, inter-relationship
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Cardiovascular medicine and haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Diagnosis of human diseases and conditions
UTAS Author:Nga, TTT (Dr Nga Tran)
UTAS Author:Blizzard, CL (Professor Leigh Blizzard)
UTAS Author:Otahal, P (Mr Petr Otahal)
UTAS Author:Nelson, MR (Professor Mark Nelson)
UTAS Author:Magnussen, CG (Associate Professor Costan Magnussen)
UTAS Author:Tan, BV (Dr Tan Bui)
UTAS Author:Srikanth, V (Dr Velandai Srikanth)
UTAS Author:Thuy, AB (Dr Thuy Au)
UTAS Author:Callisaya, M (Dr Michele Callisaya)
UTAS Author:Gall, S (Associate Professor Seana Gall)
ID Code:145559
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2021-07-27
Last Modified:2021-07-27
Downloads:0

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