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Sugar sweetened beverages and increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the Indigenous community of Australia


Pan, F and Owen, N and Oddy, WH, Sugar sweetened beverages and increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the Indigenous community of Australia, Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases ISSN 0939-4753 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2021 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of The Italian Diabetes Society, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2021.06.014


Aims: The aim of this viewpoint was to discuss a profound health gap in type 2 diabetes that exists between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

Data Synthesis: In Australia, type 2 diabetes is ranked as the fastest growing chronic condition, with the rates of type 2 diabetes higher among Indigenous than non-Indigenous Australians. Improvements to diet could aid in reducing overweight and obesity in the Indigenous community, with sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) examples of discretionary foods that contain a high amount of sugar. The marked increase in type 2 diabetes, obesity and consumption of SSBs in the Indigenous community may suggest that type 2 diabetes may result from weight gain caused by SSB consumption. Recent evidence suggests that higher consumption of SSBs was associated with greater incidence of type 2 diabetes independent of adiposity. Some determinants influencing increased SSBs consumption in the Indigenous population include advertising, marketing, availability and affordability.

Conclusions: The prevalence rates of type 2 diabetes continue to be higher among Indigenous than non-Indigenous Australians and overall, a link between SSBs and risk of type 2 diabetes is reported. Three solutions to high SSBs consumption in Indigenous communities include increased availability, affordability, and accessibility of healthy food and drink, engagement of Indigenous people in offering solutions including discussion of a sugar tax on SSBs framed with Indigenous input, and the provision of clean community water supply and water bubblers.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Indigenous people, mechanisms, risk factor, sugar sweetened beverages, type 2 diabetes
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Clinical sciences
Research Field:Endocrinology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Prevention of human diseases and conditions
UTAS Author:Pan, F (Dr Feng Pan)
UTAS Author:Oddy, WH (Professor Wendy Oddy)
ID Code:145322
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2021-07-15
Last Modified:2021-09-16

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