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Psychometric properties of the Nepali language version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21)

Citation

Thapa, DK and Visentin, D and Kornhaber, R and Cleary, M, Psychometric properties of the Nepali language version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21), Nursing Open pp. 1-10. ISSN 2054-1058 (2021) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

2021 The Authors. Nursing Open published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License, (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/0/) which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

DOI: doi:10.1002/nop2.959

Abstract

Aim: To assess the psychometric properties of the Nepali language version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21).

Design: Descriptive, cross-sectional survey.

Methods: The DASS-21 was administered (May-July 2019) among 794 randomly selected older adults aged ≥60 years. Factor structure was evaluated using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Cronbach's alpha was calculated, and correlation analyses with quality of life evaluated convergent validity.

Results: Exploratory factor analysis indicated that the 21 items loaded on three factors, with factor loadings ranging from 0.50-0.88. Confirmatory factor analysis suggested a four-factor model including the three subscales and an additional common 'general distress' factor, which demonstrated a better overall fit. Good reliability was found for each subscale, with Cronbach's alphas 0.79 for Anxiety, 0.91 for Stress, and 0.93 for Depression. The Nepali language version of the DASS-21 satisfied convergent validity with all subscales depicting significant negative correlations with quality of life demonstrating adequate psychometric properties.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:DASS- 21, factor analysis, Nepal, psychometric properties, reliability, validity
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Nursing
Research Field:Mental health nursing
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Provision of health and support services
Objective Field:Mental health services
UTAS Author:Thapa, DK (Mr Deependra Thapa)
UTAS Author:Visentin, D (Dr Denis Visentin)
UTAS Author:Kornhaber, R (Dr Rachel Kornhaber)
UTAS Author:Cleary, M (Professor Michelle Cleary)
ID Code:144998
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Nursing
Deposited On:2021-06-24
Last Modified:2021-09-16
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