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Temporal and spatial evolution of the Neogene age Breiğdalur central volcano through 39Ar/40Ar and U-Pb age determination


Askew, RA and Thordarson, T and Gans, P and Thompson, J and Danyushevsky, L, Temporal and spatial evolution of the Neogene age Breiodalur central volcano through 39Ar/40Ar and U-Pb age determination, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 404 Article 107006. ISSN 0377-0273 (2020) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2020.107006


The volcanic sequences in eastern Iceland provide a cross-section of magmatic activity from the Iceland rift system throughout the Miocene. This study focuses on a high precision age determination campaign of a single Miocene volcanic system, the Breiğdalur central volcano and associated dyke swarm, in order to quantify its evolution. The central volcano consists of: a lower flank of mafic lavas erupted onto a basement of plateau basalts; an upper flank of intermediate and mafic lavas; an 8–10 km wide caldera with associated infill formations; and a summit sequence of lavas and tuffs. This study indicates that the central volcano had a lifespan of around 1 My, from 10.2–9.1 Ma, and started with mafic magmatism. Intermediate magmatism began around 10.04 Ma and the caldera formed between 9.8 and 9.5 Ma, evolving via multiple nested-caldera collapses. Effusive silicic magmatism was predominantly in the youngest sequences between 9.5 and 9.1 Ma. After 9.1 Ma the activity at the central volcano effectively ceased. The volcano became buried by plateau basalt sequences predominantly derived from eruptions at the associated Breiğdalur dyke swarm. Activity on the dyke swarm began around 9.9 Ma and continued to until 7.8 Ma, an additional 1.3 My.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:volcano geology, volcano stratigraphy, geochronology, Iceland
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Geochronology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Thompson, J (Mr Jay Thompson)
UTAS Author:Danyushevsky, L (Professor Leonid Danyushevsky)
ID Code:144703
Year Published:2020
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (IH130200004)
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:CODES ARC
Deposited On:2021-06-06
Last Modified:2021-07-28

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