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Self-regulation in children born with extremely low birth weight at four years of age: a comparison study


Lynn, LN and Cuskelly, M and Gray, PH, Self-regulation in children born with extremely low birth weight at four years of age: a comparison study, Early Education and Development ISSN 1040-9289 (2020) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2020 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

DOI: doi:10.1080/10409289.2020.1810502


Research Findings: This study examined performance on self-regulatory tasks, in addition to individual characteristics including cognitive ability, receptive and expressive language skills, planning, and behaviour as contributing factors to early learning difficulties. Twenty-nine children born with ELBW and 30 comparison children at four years of age completed self-regulatory tasks. Results indicated no differences between groups for the Gift task; however, comparison children performed better on the Delay of Gratification task than children with ELBW. Although similar numbers from both groups violated the delay protocol, comparison children were more likely to wait for the researcher to return and children with ELBW were more likely to recall the researcher for an immediate, lesser reward. Cognitive ability, language abilities and planning were correlated with Delay of Gratification. Group membership was the best predictor of performance on the Delay of Gratification task; however, maternal education, cognitive ability and expressive language were also significant predictors of Delay of Gratification. Practice or Policy: It is considered that the small sample size and exclusion of children with significant neurodevelopmental disabilities may have contributed to better performance on the self-regulatory measures in this study.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:prematurity, LBW, VLBW, self-regulation, delay of gratification
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Applied and developmental psychology
Research Field:Child and adolescent development
Objective Division:Law, Politics and Community Services
Objective Group:Community services
Objective Field:Ability and disability
UTAS Author:Cuskelly, M (Professor Monica Cuskelly)
ID Code:144686
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2021-06-04
Last Modified:2021-11-02

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