The impact of an undergraduate students' culture on their learning about mental health: a scoping review
Hansen, A and McGarry, D and Johnson, A and Roche, MA, The impact of an undergraduate students' culture on their learning about mental health: a scoping review, Nursing and Health Sciences, 23, (2) pp. 352-361. ISSN 1441-0745 (2021) [Refereed Article]
Mental disorders are highly prevalent. This necessitates undergraduate students in health-related courses are provided with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes to deliver safe care. Research confirms undergraduate health students maintain discriminative, stigmatizing, and inaccurate beliefs and attitudes toward those experiencing mental disorders. However, there is a paucity of research exploring how culture influences these beliefs. This scoping review addressed the question: 'What is the impact of an undergraduate student's culture on their learning about mental health?' A systematic search was undertaken of the MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus, PsycINFO, and ERIC databases. Results indicate variance between students' cultural beliefs in their attitudes toward and knowledge of mental disorders and understanding of interventions and treatment. None of the identified studies reviewed the ramifications for pedagogy beyond anecdotal suggestions. Educators need to acknowledge the potential impact that students' cultural beliefs have on their learning about mental health and consider appropriate learning activities to acknowledge the role of culture. Research of the impact of undergraduate students' culture on their learning about mental health will provide an evidence base for the development of these learning activities.