Factors influencing the provision of oral health practices by antenatal care providers: a systematic review
Wilson, A and Hoang, H and Bridgman, H and Bettiol, S and Crocombe, L, Factors influencing the provision of oral health practices by antenatal care providers: a systematic review, Journal of Women's Health ISSN 1540-9996 (2021) [Refereed Article]
Background: Antenatal care providers are recommended to promote oral health during pregnancy
through the provision of oral health practices, but studies have indicated that providers remain unclear
and inconstant in adopting these practices into routine care. Therefore, the objective was to undertake
a systematic review of the current oral health practices of antenatal care providers, and the factors
(barriers and facilitators) that influence antenatal care providersí oral health practices for promoting
oral health to women during pregnancy.
Methods Qualitative and quantitative studies were systematically searched within four databases
(database inception-October 2020). Studies were selected if they were published in English and
conducted in developed countries. Thematic analysis was employed where data from the included
studies were grouped and interpreted according to major themes and were inductively categorised
within a multilevel framework.
Results A total of 3,519 antenatal care providers were included across twenty-six studies. Rates of
reported oral health practices among antenatal care providers varied considerably. The most reported
barriers related to providers limited oral health knowledge, concerns with dental costs, and absence of
organisational referral processes. The most reported facilitators related to providers level of oral
health knowledge, patient prompt, and access to informational and educational resources.
Conclusions Further efforts are needed to address the range of barriers identified in this review and
support antenatal care providers clinical practice behaviours. This includes improved interprofessional
education, training opportunities, and integrated healthcare models.
oral health, antenatal, maternal health, health education, preventative health care