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Global adoption of novel aquaculture feeds could substantially reduce forage fish demand by 2030


Cottrell, RS and Blanchard, JL and Halpern, BS and Metian, M and Froehlich, HE, Global adoption of novel aquaculture feeds could substantially reduce forage fish demand by 2030, Nature Food, 1 pp. 301-308. ISSN 2662-1355 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1038/s43016-020-0078-x


With the global supply of forage fish at a plateau, fed aquaculture must continue to reduce dependence on fishmeal and oil in feeds to ensure sustainable sector growth. The use of novel aquaculture feed ingredients is growing, but their contributions to scalable and sustainable aquafeed solutions are unclear. Here, we show that global adoption of novel aquafeeds could substantially reduce aquaculture’s forage fish demand by 2030, maintaining feed efficiencies and omega-3 fatty acid profiles. We combine production data, scenario modelling and a decade of experimental data on forage fish replacement using microalgae, macroalgae, bacteria, yeast and insects to illustrate how reducing future fish oil demand, particularly in high-value species such as salmonids, will be key for the sustainability of fed aquaculture. However, considerable uncertainties remain surrounding novel feed efficacy across different life-cycle stages and taxa, and various social, environmental, economic and regulatory challenges will dictate their widespread use. Yet, we demonstrate how even limited adoption of novel feeds could aid sustainable aquaculture growth, which will become increasingly important for food security.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:novel aquafeed, future scenarios, sustainability
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries sciences
Research Field:Aquaculture
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - aquaculture
Objective Field:Fisheries - aquaculture not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Cottrell, RS (Dr Richard Cottrell)
UTAS Author:Blanchard, JL (Professor Julia Blanchard)
ID Code:143866
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:102
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2021-04-07
Last Modified:2021-09-09

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