Contact metamorphic and metasomatic processes at the Kharaelakh intrusion, Oktyabrsk deposit, Norilsk-Talnakh ore district: Application of LA-ICP-MS dating of perovskite, apatite, garnet, and titanite
Marfin, AE and Ivanov, AV and Kamenetsky, VS and Abersteiner, A and Yakich, TY and Dudkin, TV, Contact metamorphic and metasomatic processes at the Kharaelakh intrusion, Oktyabrsk deposit, Norilsk-Talnakh ore district: Application of LA-ICP-MS dating of perovskite, apatite, garnet, and titanite, Economic Geology, 115, (6) pp. 1213-1226. ISSN 0361-0128 (2020) [Refereed Article]
The Norilsk-Talnakh ore district in the northwestern Siberian platform contains globally unique reserves of Cu-Ni-sulfides with Pt and, especially, Pd. The Oktyabrsk deposit, which is one of the largest in the district, is spatially and genetically associated with the Kharaelakh mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its exceptionally large metamorphic and metasomatic aureoles. In this study, we employed in situ laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry U-Pb isotope dating of apatite, titanite, garnet, and perovskite that cocrystallize with disseminated sulfides within the aureole of metasomatic and contact metamorphic rocks. The calculated isotopic ages for apatite (257.3 ± 4.5 and 248.9 ± 5.1 Ma), titanite (248.6 ± 6.8 and 249.1 ± 2.9 Ma), garnet (260.0 ± 11.0 Ma), and perovskite (247.3 ± 8.2 Ma), though with large uncertainties, indicate that sulfide mineralization within metasomatic and contact-metamorphic rocks is coeval with the emplacement of the Kharaelakh intrusion. These isotopic dates are in complete agreement with the published isotope dilution-thermal ionization mass spectrometry U-Pb zircon ages for the Norilsk intrusions and, at the same time, notably older than available Re-Os isochron ages of sulfides. The latter ages have been long interpreted as evidence for a prolonged duration of magmatic ore-forming processes; however, our data narrow their life span. Trace elements in titanite and garnet allow distinguishing late- and postmagmatic grains, which show indistinguishable U-Pb isotope ages.