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An international inventory of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) training programmes for AMS teams


Weier, NE and Nathwani, D and Thursky, K and Tangden, T and Vlahovic-Palcevski, V and Dyar, O and Beovic, B and Hara, GL and Patel, RP and Pulcini, C and Zaidi, STR, An international inventory of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) training programmes for AMS teams, Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy ISSN 0305-7453 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2021 the Authors

DOI: doi:10.1093/jac/dkab053



Healthcare professionals are increasingly expected to lead antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) initiatives. This role in complex healthcare environments requires specialized training.


Little is known about the types of AMS training programmes available to clinicians seeking to play a lead role in AMS. We aimed to identify clinicians’ awareness of AMS training programmes, characteristics of AMS training programmes available and potential barriers to participation.


AMS training programmes available were identified by members of the ESCMID Study Group for Antimicrobial Stewardship (ESGAP) via an online survey and through an online search in 2018. Individual training programme course coordinators were then contacted (September–October 2018) for data on the target audience(s), methods of delivery, intended outcomes and potential barriers to accessing the training programme.


A total of 166/250 ESGAP members (66%) responded to the survey, nominating 48 unique AMS training programmes. An additional 32 training programmes were identified through an online search. AMS training programmes were from around the world. Less than half (44.4%) of respondents were aware of one or more AMS training programmes available, with pharmacists more aware compared with medical doctors and other professionals (73% versus 46% and 25%, respectively). AMS training programmes were most commonly delivered online (59%) and aimed at medical doctors (46%). Training costs and a lack of recognition by health professional societies were the most frequently cited barriers to participation in AMS training programmes.


The development of a systematic inventory of AMS training programmes around the globe identifies opportunities and limitations to current training available. Improving access and increasing awareness amongst target participants will support improved education in AMS.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:antimicrobial stewardship, training programmes
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences
Research Field:Clinical pharmacy and pharmacy practice
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Provision of health and support services
Objective Field:Provision of health and support services not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Weier, NE (Ms Naomi Weier)
UTAS Author:Patel, RP (Dr Rahul Patel)
ID Code:143608
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2021-03-26
Last Modified:2021-11-16

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