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Warm-Up Strategies for Sport and Exercise: Mechanisms and Applications

Citation

McGowan, CJ and Pyne, DB and Thompson, KG and Rattray, B, Warm-Up Strategies for Sport and Exercise: Mechanisms and Applications, Sports Medicine, 45, (11) pp. 1523-46. ISSN 0112-1642 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

DOI: doi:10.1007/s40279-015-0376-x

Abstract

It is widely accepted that warming-up prior to exercise is vital for the attainment of optimum performance. Both passive and active warm-up can evoke temperature, metabolic, neural and psychology-related effects, including increased anaerobic metabolism, elevated oxygen uptake kinetics and post-activation potentiation. Passive warm-up can increase body temperature without depleting energy substrate stores, as occurs during the physical activity associated with active warm-up. While the use of passive warm-up alone is not commonplace, the idea of utilizing passive warming techniques to maintain elevated core and muscle temperature throughout the transition phase (the period between completion of the warm-up and the start of the event) is gaining in popularity. Active warm-up induces greater metabolic changes, leading to increased preparedness for a subsequent exercise task. Until recently, only modest scientific evidence was available supporting the effectiveness of pre-competition warm-ups, with early studies often containing relatively few participants and focusing mostly on physiological rather than performance-related changes. External issues faced by athletes pre-competition, including access to equipment and the length of the transition/marshalling phase, have also frequently been overlooked. Consequently, warm-up strategies have continued to develop largely on a trial-and-error basis, utilizing coach and athlete experiences rather than scientific evidence. However, over the past decade or so, new research has emerged, providing greater insight into how and why warm-up influences subsequent performance. This review identifies potential physiological mechanisms underpinning warm-ups and how they can affect subsequent exercise performance, and provides recommendations for warm-up strategy design for specific individual and team sports.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:warmup, priming exercise, muscle temperature, core temperature, passive heat maintenance, running, swimming, football, soccer, cycling
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Sports science and exercise
Research Field:Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Culture and Society
Objective Group:Sport, exercise and recreation
Objective Field:Sport, exercise and recreation not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:McGowan, CJ (Dr Courtney McGowan)
ID Code:143309
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:136
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2021-03-10
Last Modified:2021-08-05
Downloads:0

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