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Evaluating Warm-Up Strategies for Elite Sprint Breaststroke Swimming Performance


McGowan, CJ and Pyne, DB and Thompson, KG and Rattray, B, Evaluating Warm-Up Strategies for Elite Sprint Breaststroke Swimming Performance, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11, (7) pp. 975-978. ISSN 1555-0265 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Human Kinetics, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1123/ijspp.2015-0581


Purpose: Targeted passive heating and completion of dryland-based activation exercises within the warm-up can enhance sprint freestyle performance. The authors investigated if these interventions would also elicit improvements in sprint breaststroke swimming performance.

Methods: Ten national and internationally competitive swimmers (~805 FINA (Fdration internationale de natation) 2014 scoring points; 6 men, mean SD 20 1 y; 4 women, 21 3 y) completed a standardized pool warm-up (1550 m) followed by a 30-min transition phase and a 100-m breaststroke time trial. In the transition phase, swimmers wore a conventional tracksuit and remained seated (control) or wore tracksuit pants with integrated heating elements and performed a 5-min dryland-based exercise routine (combo) in a crossover design.

Results: Performance in the 100-m time trial (control: 68.6 4.0 s, combo: 68.4 3.9 s, P = .55) and start times to 15 m (control: 7.3 0.6 s; combo: 7.3 0.6 s; P = .81) were not different between conditions. It was unclear (P = .36) whether combo (-0.12C 0.19C [mean 90% confidence limits]) elicited an improvement in core temperature maintenance in the transition phase compared with control (-0.31C 0.19C). Skin temperature immediately before commencement of the time trial was higher (by ~1C, P = .01) within combo (30.13C 0.88C [mean SD]) compared with control (29.11C 1.20C). Lower-body power output was not different between conditions before the time trial.

Conclusions: Targeted passive heating and completion of dryland-based activation exercises in the transition phase does not enhance sprint breaststroke performance despite eliciting elevated skin temperature immediately before time trial commencement.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:elite athletes, swimming, passive heat maintenance, core temperature
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Sports science and exercise
Research Field:Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Culture and Society
Objective Group:Sport, exercise and recreation
Objective Field:Sport, exercise and recreation not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:McGowan, CJ (Dr Courtney McGowan)
ID Code:143308
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2021-03-10
Last Modified:2021-08-05

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