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Elite sprint swimming performance is enhanced by completion of additional warm-up activities


McGowan, CJ and Pyne, DB and Thompson, KG and Raglin, JS and Osborne, M and Rattray, B, Elite sprint swimming performance is enhanced by completion of additional warm-up activities, Journal of Sports Sciences, 35, (15) pp. 1493-1499. ISSN 0264-0414 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

DOI: doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.1223329


This study investigated the effect of completing additional warm-up strategies in the transition phase between the pool warm up and the start of a race on elite sprint swimming performance. Twenty-five elite swimmers (12 men, 20 3 years; 13 women, 20 2 years, performance standard ~807 FINA2014 points) completed a standardised pool warm up followed by a 30-min transition phase and a 100-m freestyle time trial. During the transition phase, swimmers wore a tracksuit jacket with integrated heating elements and performed a dry land-based exercise routine (Combo), or a conventional tracksuit and remained seated (Control). Start (1.5% 1.0%, P = 0.02; mean 90% confidence limits) and 100-m time trial (0.8% 0.4%, P < 0.01) performances were improved in Combo. Core temperature declined less (−0.2C 0.1C versus −0.5C 0.1C, P = 0.02) during the transition phase and total local (trapezius) haemoglobin concentration was greater before the time trial in Combo (81 M 25 M versus 30 M 18 M, P < 0.01; mean standard deviation) than in Control. Combining swimmers traditional pool warm up with passive heating via heated jackets and completion of dry land-based exercises in the transition phase improves elite sprint swimming performance by ~0.8%.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:passive heat maintenance, freestyle performance, tissue oxygenation, elite swimming
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Sports science and exercise
Research Field:Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Culture and Society
Objective Group:Sport, exercise and recreation
Objective Field:Sport, exercise and recreation not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:McGowan, CJ (Dr Courtney McGowan)
ID Code:143303
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:20
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2021-03-10
Last Modified:2021-08-05

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