McGowan, C and Pyne, DB and Thompson, KG and Raglin, JS and Rattray, B, Morning exercise: Enhancement of afternoon sprint-swimming performance, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12, (5) pp. 605-611. ISSN 1555-0265 (2017) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2017 Human Kinetics, Inc
Context: An exercise bout completed several hours prior to an event may improve competitive performance later that same day.
Purpose: To examine the influence of morning exercise on afternoon sprint-swimming performance.
Methods: Thirteen competitive swimmers (7 male, mean age 19 ± 3 y; 6 female, mean age 17 ± 3 y) completed a morning session of 1200 m of variedintensity swimming (SwimOnly), a combination of varied-intensity swimming and a resistance-exercise routine (SwimDry), or no morning exercise (NoEx). After a 6-h break, swimmers completed a 100-m time trial.
Results: Time-trial performance was faster in SwimOnly (1.6% ± 0.6, mean ± 90% confidence limit, P < .01) and SwimDry (1.7% ± 0.7%, P < .01) than in NoEx. Split times for the 25- to 50-m distance were faster in both SwimOnly (1.7% ± 1.2%, P = .02) and SwimDry (1.5% ± 0.8%, P = .01) than in NoEx. The first 50-m stroke rate was higher in SwimOnly (0.70 ± 0.21 Hz, mean ± SD, P = .03) and SwimDry (0.69 ± 0.18 Hz, P = .05) than in NoEx (0.64 ± 0.16 Hz). Before the afternoon session, core (0.2°C ± 0.1°C [mean ± 90% confidence limit], P = .04), body (0.2°C ± 0.1°C, P = .02), and skin temperatures (0.3°C ± 0.3°C, P = .02) were higher in SwimDry than in NoEx.
Conclusions: Completion of a morning swimming session alone or together with resistance exercise can substantially enhance sprint-swimming performance completed later the same day.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||priming exercise, competitive swimmers, core temperature, stroke rate|
|Research Division:||Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Sports science and exercise|
|Research Field:||Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Division:||Culture and Society|
|Objective Group:||Sport, exercise and recreation|
|Objective Field:||Sport, exercise and recreation not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||McGowan, C (Dr Courtney McGowan)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||11|
|Deposited By:||Health Sciences|
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