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Three short sessions of physiotherapy during rehabilitation after hip fracture were no more effective in improving mobility than a single longer session: a randomised controlled trial

Citation

Senserrick, C and Lawler, K and Scroggie, GD and Williams, K and Taylor, NF, Three short sessions of physiotherapy during rehabilitation after hip fracture were no more effective in improving mobility than a single longer session: a randomised controlled trial, Physiotherapy pp. 1-25. ISSN 0031-9406 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 Published by Elsevier.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.physio.2020.12.002

Abstract

Objectives

To determine if three short daily sessions of physiotherapy for rehabilitation inpatients after hip fracture is more effective than providing one long daily session in improving mobility.

Design

A single-blinded randomised controlled trial.

Setting

Two inpatient rehabilitation wards at a hospital in X.

Participants

Seventy-six rehabilitation inpatients after hip fracture. The key exclusion criterion was not being allowed to weight bear.

Interventions

All participants received multidisciplinary rehabilitation. Experimental participants received three 15-minute sessions of physiotherapy 5 days per week until discharge. Control participants received one 45-minute session of physiotherapy 5 days per week until discharge.

Main outcome measures

The primary outcome, mobility, was assessed with the de Morton Mobility Index 2 weeks after admission and at discharge. Secondary outcomes were Functional Independence Measure mobility (transfers, ambulation, steps), physical activity measured with an accelerometer, length of stay, discharge destination, readmissions within 30 days of discharge, and patient and physiotherapist satisfaction.

Results

Sixty-seven (88%) participants completed mobility assessment at discharge and (n = 34, 45%) at 2 weeks. There were a greater proportion of missed sessions in the experimental group (84% adherence versus 95%). There was no between-group difference in mobility at discharge (MD -1.9 points, 95%CI -6.9 to 3.2) or at 2 weeks (MD -3.5 points, 95%CI -15.4 to 8.4). There were no between-group differences in any secondary outcomes.

Conclusions: Providing inpatient physiotherapy rehabilitation in three shorter sessions resulted in more missed sessions and likely did not improve mobility outcomes compared with providing one longer session for patients recovering from hip fracture.

Clinical trial registration number

ACTRN 12617000863336.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:hip fracture, physiotherapy, rehabilitation, randomised controlled trial
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Allied health and rehabilitation science
Research Field:Physiotherapy
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Provision of health and support services
Objective Field:Inpatient hospital care
UTAS Author:Lawler, K (Dr Katherine Lawler)
ID Code:143095
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Wicking Dementia Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2021-02-25
Last Modified:2021-07-05
Downloads:0

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