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Global priority areas for ecosystem restoration

Citation

Strassburg, BBN and Iribarrem, A and Beyer, HL and Cordeiro, CL and Crouzeilles, R and Jakovac, CC and Braga Junqueira, A and Lacerda, E and Latawiec, AE and Balmford, A and Brooks, TM and Butchart, SHM and Chazdon, RL and Erb, KH and Brancalion, P and Buchanan, G and Cooper, D and Diaz, S and Donald, PF and Kapos, V and Leclere, D and Miles, L and Obersteiner, M and Plutzar, C and Scaramuzza, CAdeM and Scarano, FR and Visconti, P, Global priority areas for ecosystem restoration, Nature, 586, (7831) pp. 724-729. ISSN 0028-0836 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited

DOI: doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2784-9

Abstract

Extensive ecosystem restoration is increasingly seen as being central to conserving biodiversity and stabilizing the climate of the Earth. Although ambitious national and global targets have been set, global priority areas that account for spatial variation in benefits and costs have yet to be identified. Here we develop and apply a multicriteria optimization approach that identifies priority areas for restoration across all terrestrial biomes, and estimates their benefits and costs. We find that restoring 15% of converted lands in priority areas could avoid 60% of expected extinctions while sequestering 299 gigatonnes of CO230% of the total CO2 increase in the atmosphere since the Industrial Revolution. The inclusion of several biomes is key to achieving multiple benefits. Cost effectiveness can increase up to 13-fold when spatial allocation is optimized using our multicriteria approach, which highlights the importance of spatial planning. Our results confirm the vast potential contributions of restoration to addressing global challenges, while underscoring the necessity of pursuing these goals synergistically.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ecosystem restoration, biodiversity, climate, CO2
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Conservation and biodiversity
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Understanding climate change not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Brooks, TM (Dr Thomas Brooks)
ID Code:143077
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:74
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2021-02-25
Last Modified:2021-09-09
Downloads:0

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