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Direct and indirect effects of heatwaves on a coral reef fishery

Citation

Brown, CJ and Mellin, C and Edgar, GJ and Campbell, MD and Stuart-Smith, RD, Direct and indirect effects of heatwaves on a coral reef fishery, Global Change Biology, 27, (6) pp. 1214-1225. ISSN 1354-1013 (2020) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 Blackwell Publishing Ltd

DOI: doi:10.1111/gcb.15472

Abstract

Marine heatwaves are increasing in frequency and intensity, and indirectly impacting coral reef fisheries through bleaching‐induced degradation of live coral habitats. Marine heatwaves also affect fish metabolism and catchability, but such direct effects of elevated temperatures on reef fisheries are largely unknown. We investigated direct and indirect effects of the devastating 2016 marine heatwave on the largest reef fishery operating along the Great Barrier Reef (GBR). We used a combination of fishery‐independent underwater census data on coral trout biomass (Plectropomus and Variola spp.) and catch‐per‐unit‐effort (CPUE) data from the commercial fishery to evaluate changes in the fishery resulting from the 2016 heatwave. The heatwave caused widespread, yet locally patchy, declines in coral cover, but we observed little effect of local coral loss on coral trout biomass. Instead, a pattern of decreasing biomass at northern sites and stable or increasing biomass at southern sites suggested a direct response of populations to the heatwave. Analysis of the fishery‐independent data and CPUE found that in‐water coral trout biomass estimates were positively related to CPUE, and that coral trout catch rates increased with warmer temperatures. Temperature effects on catch rates were consistent with the thermal affinities of the multiple species contributing to this fishery. Scaling‐up the effect of temperature on coral trout catch rates across the region suggests that GBR‐wide catches were 18% higher for a given level of effort during the heatwave year relative to catch rates under the mean temperatures in the preceding 6 years. These results highlight a potentially large effect of heatwaves on catch rates of reef fishes, independent of changes in reef habitats, that can add substantial uncertainty to estimates of stock trends inferred from fishery‐dependent (CPUE) data. Overestimation of CPUE could initiate declines in reef fisheries that are currently fully exploited, and threaten sustainable management of reef stocks.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Reef Life Survey, coral reef, fish, biodiversity, fisheries, Great Barrier Reef, Bayesian modelling, catchability, climate change, coral bleaching, coral reef fishery, coral trout, heatwave
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology)
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - wild caught
Objective Field:Wild caught fin fish (excl. tuna)
UTAS Author:Mellin, C (Dr Camille Mellin)
UTAS Author:Edgar, GJ (Professor Graham Edgar)
UTAS Author:Stuart-Smith, RD (Dr Rick Stuart-Smith)
ID Code:143035
Year Published:2020
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (FT190100599)
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2021-02-23
Last Modified:2021-03-16
Downloads:5 View Download Statistics

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