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Preliminary December-January inflow and streamflow reconstructions from tree rings for western Tasmania, southeastern Australia

Citation

Allen, KJ and Nichols, SC and Evans, R and Cook, ER and Allie, S and Carson, G and Ling, F and Baker, PJ, Preliminary December-January inflow and streamflow reconstructions from tree rings for western Tasmania, southeastern Australia, Water Resources Research, 51, (7) pp. 5487-5503. ISSN 0043-1397 (2015) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015. American Geophysical Union

DOI: doi:10.1002/2015WR017062

Abstract

Projected decreases and changes in the seasonal distribution of precipitation will have profound impacts on southeastern Australia, including its ability to generate renewable hydroelectricity. Recent decreases in precipitation over the region may be significant in the context of instrumental records, but the question of whether these decreases are within long-term natural variability remains. To help address this issue, we present December-January streamflow and dam inflow reconstructions for southeastern Australia. These reconstructions for the Tasmanian west coast are based solely on local tree ring chronologies and span up to 1600 years. Nonparametric estimates, however, indicate good model skill for the last 458 years (streamflow) and 478 years (dam inflow). The reconstructions indicate that twentieth century conditions were well within the range of historical variability, and were in fact relatively wet. The period from approximately 1600 to 1750 CE was one of the enhanced variability and a high proportion of low and high flow events occurred in the seventeenth century. There are significant relationships between streamflow and inflow reconstructions and large-scale ocean-atmosphere processes such as ENSO and the Southern Annular Mode. Critically, our two reconstructions rely heavily on new tree ring chronologies based on properties such as tracheid radial diameter, cell wall thickness, and density, underscoring the importance of these different types of chronologies in reconstructions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Australia, inflow, streamflow, Tasmania, tree rings, wood properties
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical geography and environmental geoscience
Research Field:Palaeoclimatology
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Natural hazards
Objective Field:Climatological hazards (e.g. extreme temperatures, drought and wildfires)
UTAS Author:Allen, KJ (Dr Kathy Allen)
ID Code:142996
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:30
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2021-02-19
Last Modified:2021-05-18
Downloads:5 View Download Statistics

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