Kelly, RK and Nash, R, Food literacy interventions in elementary schools: A systematic scoping review, Journal of School Health ISSN 0022-4391 (In Press) [Refereed Article]
Objectives:Childhood is a critical period for developing healthy behaviors and attitudes towards food. There is a growing interest in school-based interventions that aim to improve food literacy. Therefore, the present systematic scoping review aimed to characterize food literacy interventions in elementary schools.
Methods: Databases (PubMed, Web of Science and EBSCO) were searched for food literacy interventions in elementary schools (students aged 4-12 years). Studies were assessed according to design, duration, theoretical underpinning and ascertainment of food literacy outcome(s). Interventions were assessed according to functional, interactive or critical food literacy competencies.
Results: After exclusions, 115 studies were eligible for review, including 104 original interventions. Interventions ranged from 45 minutes to 4 years. Social Cognitive Theory was the most frequently used underpinning theory and interventions included; classroom lessons, games, school gardens, food preparation and cooking classes. Most studies measured food literacy outcomes quantitatively (97%, n 112). All studies addressed functional literacy (n 115), while 77% (n 89) addressed interactive food literacy, only 28% (n 32) addressed critical food literacy.
Conclusions: In this first international review of food literacy programs in elementary schools we found great heterogeneity in study and intervention characteristics. Most interventions addressed functional and interactive food literacy; whereas critical food literacy requires further research.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||food literacy, elementary, school, scoping review|
|Research Division:||Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public health|
|Research Field:||Community child health|
|Objective Group:||Provision of health and support services|
|Objective Field:||Community health care|
|UTAS Author:||Kelly, RK (Ms Rebecca Kelly)|
|UTAS Author:||Nash, R (Dr Rosie Nash)|
|Year Published:||In Press|
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