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Characterizing marine heatwaves in the Kerguelen Plateau region

Citation

Su, Z and Pilo, GS and Corney, S and Holbrook, NJ and Mori, M and Ziegler, P, Characterizing marine heatwaves in the Kerguelen Plateau region, Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, (JAN) Article 531297. ISSN 2296-7745 (2021) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.531297

Abstract

Marine heatwaves (MHWs) are prolonged extreme oceanic warm water events. Globally, the frequency and intensity of MHWs have been increasing in recent years, and it is expected that this trend is reflected in the Kerguelen Plateau region. MHWs can negatively impact the structure of marine biodiversity, marine ecosystems, and commercial fisheries. Considering that the KP is a hot-spot for marine biodiversity, characterizing MHWs and their drivers for this region is important, but has not been performed. Here, we characterize MHWs in the KP region between January 1994 and December 2016 using a combination of remotely sensed observations and output from a publicly available model hindcast simulation. We describe a strong MHW event that starts during the 2011/2012 austral summer and persists through winter, dissipating in late 2012. During the winter months, the anomalous temperature signal deepens from the surface to a depth of at least 150 m. We show that downwelling-favorable winds occur in the region during these months. At the end of 2012, as the MHW dissipates, upwelling-favorable winds prevail. We also show that the ocean temperature on the KP is significantly correlated with key modes of climate variability. Over the KP, temperature at both the ocean surface and at a depth of 150 m correlates significantly with the Indian Ocean Dipole. To the south of the KP, temperature variations are significantly correlated with the El Niņo Southern Oscillation, and to both the north and south of the KP, with the Southern Annular Mode. These results suggest there may be potential predictability in ocean temperatures, and their extremes, in the KP region. Strong MHWs, like the event in 2012, may be detrimental to the unique ecosystem of this region, including economically relevant species, such as the Patagonian Toothfish.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:marine heatwaves, Kerguelen Plateau, climate extremes, ocean extremes, anomalous temperatures, ocean warming, Patagonian toothfish, hot-spot
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical oceanography
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Mitigation of climate change
Objective Field:Management of greenhouse gas emissions from construction activities
UTAS Author:Su, Z (Ms Zimeng Su)
UTAS Author:Pilo, GS (Miss Gabriela Semolini Pilo)
UTAS Author:Corney, S (Dr Stuart Corney)
UTAS Author:Holbrook, NJ (Professor Neil Holbrook)
UTAS Author:Mori, M (Ms Mao Mori)
ID Code:142795
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2021-02-11
Last Modified:2021-02-11
Downloads:0

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