eCite Digital Repository

Associations of awareness of age-related change with emotional and physical well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Citation

Sabatini, S and Silarova, B and Martyr, A and Collins, R and Ballard, C and Anstey, KJ and Kim, S and Clare, L, Associations of awareness of age-related change with emotional and physical well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis, The Gerontologist, 60, (6) pp. e477-e490. ISSN 0016-9013 (2020) [Refereed Article]


Preview
PDF
Pending copyright assessment - Request a copy
470Kb
  

DOI: doi:10.1093/geront/gnz101

Abstract

Background and Objectives

This systematic review aimed to synthesize and quantify the associations of awareness of age-related change (AARC) with emotional well-being, physical well-being, and cognitive functioning.

Research Design and Methods

We conducted a systematic review with a correlational random effects meta-analysis. We included quantitative studies, published from January 1, 2009 to October 3, 2018, exploring associations between AARC and one or more of the following outcomes: emotional well-being, physical well-being, and cognitive functioning. We assessed heterogeneity (I2) and publication bias.

Results

We included 12 studies in the review, 9 exploring the association between AARC and emotional well-being and 11 exploring the association between AARC and physical well-being. No study explored the association between AARC and cognitive functioning. Six articles were included in the meta-analysis. We found a moderate association between a higher level of AARC gains and better emotional well-being (r = .33; 95% CI 0.18, 0.47; p <.001; I2 = 76.01) and between a higher level of AARC losses and poorer emotional (r = −.31; 95% CI −0.38, −0.24; p < .001; I2 = 0.00) and physical well-being (r = −.38; 95% CI −0.51, −0.24; p < .001; I2 = 83.48). We found a negligible association between AARC gains and physical well-being (r = .08; 95% CI 0.02, 0.14; p < .122; I2 = 0.00). Studies were of medium to high methodological quality.

Discussion and Implications

There is some indication that AARC gains and losses can play a role in emotional well-being and that AARC losses are associated with physical well-being. However, the number of included studies is limited and there was some indication of heterogeneity.

PROSPERO Registration

CRD42018111472.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:aging, awareness, cognition, health, meta-analysis, review
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Applied and developmental psychology
Research Field:Psychology of ageing
Objective Division:Law, Politics and Community Services
Objective Group:Community services
Objective Field:Ageing and older people
UTAS Author:Kim, S (Dr Sarang Kim)
ID Code:142711
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Wicking Dementia Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2021-02-09
Last Modified:2021-02-24
Downloads:0

Repository Staff Only: item control page