Knowledge assessment of snake antivenom among healthcare practitioners involving educational intervention in northern Nigeria: a study protocol
Bala, AA and Jatau Abubakar, I and Yunusa, I and Mohammed, M and Mohammed, A-KH and Isa, AM and Wada, AS and Gulma, KA and Bello, I and Michael, GC and Malami, S and Chedi, BZA, Knowledge assessment of snake antivenom among healthcare practitioners involving educational intervention in northern Nigeria: a study protocol, Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety, 11 pp. 1-7. ISSN 2042-0986 (2020) [Refereed Article]
Snakebite envenoming (SBE) is an important occupational and public health hazard especially
in sub-Saharan Africa. For optimum management of SBE, adequate knowledge of Snake
antivenom (SAV) is very critical among the healthcare practioners in this region. Information
related to the knowledge of SAV use in the management of SBE, as well as SAV logistics is
scarce among the Health Care Professionals (HCPs) in Nigeria, particularly in the northern
region. We therefore aimed to develop, validate and utilize a tool to assess the SAV knowlegde
among HCPs in northern Nigeria. We also sought to implement and evaluate an intervention
that could improve the SAV knowledge among the HCPs.
The proposed study will be conducted in three phases: Phase I will involve the development
of the item-pool to be included in the tool, followed by a face, content validity and construct
validity. The tool reliability, readability and difficulty index will be determined. Phase II will
involve the utilization of the tool to assess baseline SAV knowledge among the HCPs followed
by an educational intervention. Multiple Linear Regression analysis will be used to determine
the factors associated with SAV knowledge among the HCPs. Lastly, Phase III which will be a
repeat of Phase II to assess and evaluate the knowledge after the intervention.
The study design and findings may guide future implementation and streamline the
intervention of improving SAV knowledge in HCPs training and practice.