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Knowledge assessment of snake antivenom among healthcare practitioners involving educational intervention in northern Nigeria: a study protocol


Bala, AA and Jatau Abubakar, I and Yunusa, I and Mohammed, M and Mohammed, A-KH and Isa, AM and Wada, AS and Gulma, KA and Bello, I and Michael, GC and Malami, S and Chedi, BZA, Knowledge assessment of snake antivenom among healthcare practitioners involving educational intervention in northern Nigeria: a study protocol, Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety, 11 pp. 1-7. ISSN 2042-0986 (2020) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

The Author(s), 2020. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (

DOI: doi:10.1177/2042098620935721



Snakebite envenoming (SBE) is an important occupational and public health hazard especially in sub-Saharan Africa. For optimum management of SBE, adequate knowledge of Snake antivenom (SAV) is very critical among the healthcare practioners in this region. Information related to the knowledge of SAV use in the management of SBE, as well as SAV logistics is scarce among the Health Care Professionals (HCPs) in Nigeria, particularly in the northern region. We therefore aimed to develop, validate and utilize a tool to assess the SAV knowlegde among HCPs in northern Nigeria. We also sought to implement and evaluate an intervention that could improve the SAV knowledge among the HCPs.


The proposed study will be conducted in three phases: Phase I will involve the development of the item-pool to be included in the tool, followed by a face, content validity and construct validity. The tool reliability, readability and difficulty index will be determined. Phase II will involve the utilization of the tool to assess baseline SAV knowledge among the HCPs followed by an educational intervention. Multiple Linear Regression analysis will be used to determine the factors associated with SAV knowledge among the HCPs. Lastly, Phase III which will be a repeat of Phase II to assess and evaluate the knowledge after the intervention.


The study design and findings may guide future implementation and streamline the intervention of improving SAV knowledge in HCPs training and practice.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:snake, healthcare professionals, knowledge, Nigeria, protocol, venom
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences
Research Field:Toxicology (incl. clinical toxicology)
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the health sciences
UTAS Author:Jatau Abubakar, I (Mr Ibrahim Jatau Abubakar)
ID Code:142692
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2021-02-05
Last Modified:2021-05-27
Downloads:7 View Download Statistics

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