Heat resistance and genomics of spoilage Alicyclobacillus spp. isolated from fruit juice and fruit-based beverages
Luong, TSV and Moir, C and Bowman, JP and Chandry, PS, Heat resistance and genomics of spoilage Alicyclobacillus spp. isolated from fruit juice and fruit-based beverages, Food Microbiology, 94 Article 103662. ISSN 0740-0020 (2021) [Refereed Article]
Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris is a spore-forming bacterium of importance to the fruit juice industry due to its remarkable heat resistance and production of guaiacol taint. Whole genome sequencing analysis reveals species demarcation corresponds to the two major genotypic groups to which A. acidoterrestris isolates belong. Heat resistance was significantly different between genotypic groups 1 and 2 with D90 values of 15.5 and 9.3ámin, respectively (pá<á0.01). Comparison of squalene-hopene cyclase (shc) encoding sequences reveals non-synonymous changes and the alteration of glutamine residues. Glutamine absence may link to the stability reinforcement of the enzyme structure against thermal denaturation. Genomic islands harbouring heavy metal resistance genes are found in the majority of genotypic group 1 genomes (63%) but occurs in only one genome (5%) of genotypic group 2. Distribution of the genomic islands in the genotypic groups 1 and 2 is also consistent with phylogenetic trees and ANI and dDDH values. Subsequently, we propose genotypic group 1 as a new species closely related to A. acidoterrestris that possesses enhanced heat resistance.