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Drivers and impacts of the most extreme marine heatwaves events

Citation

Sen Gupta, A and Thomsen, M and Benthuysen, JA and Hobday, AJ and Oliver, E and Alexander, LV and Burrows, MT and Donat, MG and Feng, M and Holbrook, NJ and Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S and Rodrigues, RR and Scannell, HA and Taschetto, AS and Ummenhofer, CC and Wernberg, T and Smale, DA, Drivers and impacts of the most extreme marine heatwaves events, Scientific Reports, 10 Article 19359. ISSN 2045-2322 (2020) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2020 The Authors. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

DOI: doi:10.1038/s41598-020-75445-3

Abstract

Prolonged high-temperature extreme events in the ocean, marine heatwaves, can have severe and long-lasting impacts on marine ecosystems, fisheries and associated services. This study applies a marine heatwave framework to analyse a global sea surface temperature product and identify the most extreme events, based on their intensity, duration and spatial extent. Many of these events have yet to be described in terms of their physical attributes, generation mechanisms, or ecological impacts. Our synthesis identifies commonalities between marine heatwave characteristics and seasonality, links to the El Niņo-Southern Oscillation, triggering processes and impacts on ocean productivity. The most intense events preferentially occur in summer, when climatological oceanic mixed layers are shallow and winds are weak, but at a time preceding climatological maximum sea surface temperatures. Most subtropical extreme marine heatwaves were triggered by persistent atmospheric high-pressure systems and anomalously weak wind speeds, associated with increased insolation, and reduced ocean heat losses. Furthermore, the most extreme events tended to coincide with reduced chlorophyll-a concentration at low and mid-latitudes. Understanding the importance of the oceanic background state, local and remote drivers and the ocean productivity response from past events are critical steps toward improving predictions of future marine heatwaves and their impacts.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:drivers, impacts, most extreme marine heatwaves events
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical oceanography
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Natural hazards
Objective Field:Climatological hazards (e.g. extreme temperatures, drought and wildfires)
UTAS Author:Holbrook, NJ (Professor Neil Holbrook)
ID Code:142593
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2021-01-28
Last Modified:2021-04-28
Downloads:2 View Download Statistics

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