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Safety philosophy and risk analysis methodology for LNG bunkering simultaneous operations (SIMOPs): A literature review


Fan, H and Enshaei, H and Gamini Jayasinghe, S, Safety philosophy and risk analysis methodology for LNG bunkering simultaneous operations (SIMOPs): A literature review, Safety Science, 136 Article 105150. ISSN 0925-7535 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2020.105150


Liquified natural gas (LNG) is widely considered to be a leading alternative marine fuel as the maritime industry has been going towards a green and sustainable direction. LNG bunkering availability is fundamental to the adoption of LNG as a fuel. The proliferation of LNG bunkering technology is dependent on safe and efficient operations. In order to maintain tight sailing schedules and optimise cost, it is suggested that LNG bunkering and the associated operations (such as people movements, cargo loading/unloading, crew transfer, crane operations, port activities, and oil bunkering) be conducted simultaneously, which is referred to as simultaneous operations (SIMOPs). Towards understanding the safety of LNG bunkering SIMOPs, this paper presents a systematic review and synthesis of the literature related to LNG bunkering and SIMOPs. Moreover, the paper sheds light on the safety philosophy and risk analysis methods emerging within the literature in these areas. The study identifies a series of research gaps that highlight the most fruitful areas for future investigations in this area, thereby helping to lay the groundwork for research that would potentially accelerate the development of safe and efficient LNG bunkering SIMOPs.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:literature review, LNG, bunkering, simultaneous operations, safety, risk analysis
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Maritime engineering
Research Field:Maritime engineering not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Transport
Objective Group:Water transport
Objective Field:International sea transport of liquefied gas
UTAS Author:Fan, H (Dr Hongjun Fan)
UTAS Author:Enshaei, H (Dr Hossein Enshaei)
UTAS Author:Gamini Jayasinghe, S (Dr Shantha Jayasinghe Arachchillage)
ID Code:142587
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:Seafaring and Maritime Operations
Deposited On:2021-01-28
Last Modified:2021-05-26

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