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Social Welfare Institutions


Casella, EC and Fennelly, K, Social Welfare Institutions, The Oxford Handbook of Industrial Archaeology, Oxford University Press, EC Casella, M Nevell and H Steyne-Chamberlin (ed), United Kingdom, pp. 619-633. ISBN 9780199693962 (2022) [Research Book Chapter]

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Copyright 2022 Oxford University Press


The rise of industrialization was accompanied by a new institutional management regime for the sick, criminal, and unproductive. From the late eighteenth century onwards, an increasingly diverse array of social welfare institutions were established to con􀁿ne, treat, and relocate those deemed vulnerable or dangerous to civic society. Drawing from European and North American case studies, this chapter outlines the proliferation of monumental architectural spaces explicitly dedicated to the segregation, classi􀁿cation, treatment, and punishment of their occupants. The homogenized block, ward, and courtyard layouts of general in􀁿rmaries, urban prisons, and state penitentiaries are contrasted with more specialized and domestic-style forms developed for lunatic asylums, maternity hospitals, and health sanatoriums. By situating this built heritage within broader philosophical debates over nature and purpose of ‘con􀁿nement’, this chapter illustrates the architectural legacy of institutional welfare during the industrial era.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:industrial archaeology, social welfare, historical archaeology
Research Division:History, Heritage and Archaeology
Research Group:Archaeology
Research Field:Historical archaeology (incl. industrial archaeology)
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in history, heritage and archaeology
UTAS Author:Casella, EC (Professor Eleanor Casella)
ID Code:142459
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Art
Deposited On:2021-01-19
Last Modified:2022-11-07

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