The current global state of movement and physical activity - the health and economic costs of the inactive phenotype
Jayasinghe, S and Byrne, NM and Patterson, KAE and Ahuja, KDK and Hills, AP, The current global state of movement and physical activity - the health and economic costs of the inactive phenotype, Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases ISSN 0033-0620 (2020) [Refereed Article]
Physical inactivity is one of the major contributing factors to the global pandemic of non-communicable diseases. Unfortunately, low levels of habitual movement and physical activity (PA) are seen in an increasing proportion of populations across low- and middle-income countries and high-income countries alike. This new normal - the inactive phenotype - is a significant contributor to multiple health and economic costs. Here we provide a brief historical overview of societal declines in PA, roughly consistent with major transitions in PA and nutrition in recent decades. This is followed by a synthesis of research evidence linking inactivity with poor health outcomes and prevention approaches needed to impact a perpetuation of poor lifestyle behaviors. A major focus of the paper is on the economic/health costs and the reduction of the inactive phenotype. In summary, we demonstrate that the consequences of insufficient PA are manifold, and if sustained, impact short and long-term health and quality of life, along with substantial economic costs.
Sedentarism, chronic disease, health cost, economic cost, prevention, inactivity