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The current global state of movement and physical activity - the health and economic costs of the inactive phenotype

Citation

Jayasinghe, S and Byrne, NM and Patterson, KAE and Ahuja, KDK and Hills, AP, The current global state of movement and physical activity - the health and economic costs of the inactive phenotype, Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases ISSN 0033-0620 (2020) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.pcad.2020.10.006

Abstract

Physical inactivity is one of the major contributing factors to the global pandemic of non-communicable diseases. Unfortunately, low levels of habitual movement and physical activity (PA) are seen in an increasing proportion of populations across low- and middle-income countries and high-income countries alike. This new normal - the inactive phenotype - is a significant contributor to multiple health and economic costs. Here we provide a brief historical overview of societal declines in PA, roughly consistent with major transitions in PA and nutrition in recent decades. This is followed by a synthesis of research evidence linking inactivity with poor health outcomes and prevention approaches needed to impact a perpetuation of poor lifestyle behaviors. A major focus of the paper is on the economic/health costs and the reduction of the inactive phenotype. In summary, we demonstrate that the consequences of insufficient PA are manifold, and if sustained, impact short and long-term health and quality of life, along with substantial economic costs.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Sedentarism, chronic disease, health cost, economic cost, prevention, inactivity
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Public health
Research Field:Health promotion
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Overweight and obesity
UTAS Author:Jayasinghe, S (Mr Sisitha Jayasinghe)
UTAS Author:Byrne, NM (Professor Nuala Byrne)
UTAS Author:Patterson, KAE (Dr Kira Patterson)
UTAS Author:Ahuja, KDK (Dr Kiran Ahuja)
UTAS Author:Hills, AP (Professor Andrew Hills)
ID Code:141905
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2020-12-01
Last Modified:2020-12-02
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