Schinckel, NF and Hickey, L and Perkins, EJ and Pereira-Fantini, PM and Koeppenkastrop, S and Stafford, I and Dowse, G and Tingay, DG, Skin-to-skin care alters regional ventilation in stable neonates, Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition pp. F1-F5. ISSN 1359-2998 (2020) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2020 The Authors
Design: Prospective observational study.
Setting: Single quaternary neonatal intensive care unit in Australia.
Patients: 20 infants spontaneously breathing (n=17) or on non-invasive ventilation (n=3), with mean (SD) gestational age at birth of 33 (5) weeks.
Interventions: Thirty-minute episodes of care in each position: supine cot care, prone SSC and prone cot care preceding a 10 min period of continuous electrical impedance tomography measurements of regional ventilation.
Main outcome measures: In each position, ventral-dorsal and right-left centre of ventilation (CoV), percentage of whole lung ventilation by region and percentage of apparent unventilated lung regions were determined. Heart and respiratory rates, oxygen saturation and axillary temperature were also measured.
Results: Heart and respiratory rates, oxygen saturation, temperature and right-left lung ventilation did not differ between the three positions (mixed-effects model). Ventilation generally favoured the dorsal lung, but the mean (95% CI) ventrodorsal CoV was -2.0 (-0.4 to -3.6)% more dorsal during SSC compared with prone. Supine position resulted in 5.0 (1.5 to 5.3)% and 4.5 (3.9 to 5.1)% less apparently unventilated lung regions compared with SSC and prone, respectively.
Conclusions: In clinically stable infants, SSC generates a distinct regional ventilation pattern that is independent of prone position and results in greater distribution of ventilation towards the dorsal lung.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||monitoring, neonatology, nursing, respiratory|
|Research Division:||Biomedical and Clinical Sciences|
|Objective Group:||Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)|
|Objective Field:||Neonatal and child health|
|UTAS Author:||Stafford, I (Miss Isabella Stafford)|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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