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Education, occupation and operational measures of sarcopenia: six years of Australian data

Citation

Brennan-Olsen, SL and Vogrin, S and Balogun, S and Wu, F and Scott, D and Jones, G and Hayes, A and Phu, S and Duque, G and Beauchamp, A and Talevski, J and Naureen, G and Winzenberg, TM, Education, occupation and operational measures of sarcopenia: six years of Australian data, Australasian Journal on Ageing pp. 1-8. ISSN 1440-6381 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 AJA Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1111/ajag.12816

Abstract

Objectives: To examine associations of education and occupation with handgrip strength (HGS), lower limb strength (LLS) and appendicular lean mass (ALM).

Methods: Measures of HGS, LLS and ALM (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) were ascertained at baseline in 1090 adults (50-80 years, 51% women), ~3 and 5 years. Education and occupation were self-reported, the latter categorised as high-skilled white collar (HSWC), low-skilled white collar (LSWC) or blue collar. Separate general estimating equations were performed.

Results: The highest education group had greater HGS than the middle (0.33 psi) and lowest (0.48 psi) education groups, and 0.34 kg greater ALM than the lowest education group. HGS was 0.46 psi greater for HSWC than LSWC groups. Compared to LSWC groups, LLS was 5.38 and 7.08 kg greater in HSWC and blue-collar groups. Blue-collar and HSWC groups each had ~ 0.60-0.80kg greater ALM than LSWC.

Conclusion: Progressive muscle loss can be prevented by targeted intervention; thus, we suggest clinical attention be directed towards specific social groups.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:economic status, epidemiology, health status disparities, physical functional performance
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Health status (incl. wellbeing)
UTAS Author:Balogun, S (Dr Saliu Balogun)
UTAS Author:Wu, F (Dr Feitong Wu)
UTAS Author:Jones, G (Professor Graeme Jones)
UTAS Author:Winzenberg, TM (Professor Tania Winzenberg)
ID Code:141645
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2020-11-06
Last Modified:2021-04-23
Downloads:0

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