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Acute kidney injury, stroke and death after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery: the role of perfusion flow and pressure

Citation

Turner, L and Hardikar, A and Jose, MD and Bhattarai, K and Fenton, C and Sharma, R and Kirkland, G and Jeffs, L and Breslin, M and Silva Ragaini, B and Newland, RF, Acute kidney injury, stroke and death after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery: the role of perfusion flow and pressure, Perfusion (United Kingdom) pp. 1-9. ISSN 0267-6591 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 The Authors

DOI: doi:10.1177/0267659120924919

Abstract

Introduction: Acute kidney injury after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery is associated with morbidity and mortality. This study aims to evaluate the role of low perfusion flow and pressure in the development of cardiopulmonary bypass-associated acute kidney injury, stroke and death, using multicentre registry data.

Methods: We identified patients from the Australian and New Zealand Collaborative Perfusion Registry who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and/or valvular surgery between 2008 and 2018. Primary predictor variables were the length of time the perfusion flow was <1.6 L/min/m2 and the length of time perfusion pressure was < 50mmHg. The primary outcome was new postoperative acute kidney injury defined by the risk-injury-failure-loss-end stage criteria. Secondary outcomes were stroke and in-hospital death. The influence of perfusion flow and pressure during cardiopulmonary bypass on the primary and secondary outcomes was estimated using separate multivariate models.

Results: A total of 16,356 patients were included. The mean age was 66 years and 75% were male. Acute kidney injury was observed in 1,844 patients (11%), stroke in 204 (1.3%) and in-hospital death in 286 (1.8%). Neither the duration of the time spent for perfusion flow (<1.6 L/minute/m2) nor the duration of the time spent for perfusion pressure (<50 mmHg) was associated with postoperative acute kidney injury, stroke or death in adjusted models.

Conclusions: Neither low perfusion pressure nor low perfusion flow during cardiopulmonary bypass were predictive of postoperative acute kidney injury, stroke or death.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:acute kidney injury, cardiopulmonary bypass, perfusion flow, perfusion pressure, stroke
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Clinical sciences
Research Field:Nephrology and urology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Jose, MD (Professor Matthew Jose)
UTAS Author:Kirkland, G (Dr Geoffrey Kirkland)
UTAS Author:Jeffs, L (Dr Lisa Jeffs)
UTAS Author:Breslin, M (Dr Monique Breslin)
UTAS Author:Silva Ragaini, B (Ms Bruna Silva Ragaini)
ID Code:141635
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2020-11-04
Last Modified:2020-12-15
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