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Compromised ecosystem services from urban aerial microbiomes: a review of impacts on human immune function

Citation

Flies, EJ and Jones, P and Buettel, JC and Brook, BW, Compromised ecosystem services from urban aerial microbiomes: a review of impacts on human immune function, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 8 Article 568902. ISSN 2296-701X (2020) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright © 2020 Flies, Jones, Buettel and Brook. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.3389/fevo.2020.568902

Abstract

Biodiverse environments contribute to human health through a wide range of ecosystem services: from providing food and medicines to filtering our air and water. Exposure to biodiverse, airborne microbial communities (aerobiomes) contributes to the development of healthy human-immune function. This overlooked but potentially powerful ecosystem service is akin to nature’s provision of traditional medicines and pharmaceutical compounds. But urban environments appear to support less diverse aerobiomes, suppressing this ecosystem service and potentially contributing to urbanassociated diseases through altered immune function. Here, we synthesize the known relationships between aerobiome biodiversity and health and present the experimentally demonstrated mechanisms that connect aerobiome exposure to immune function. We then summarize what is currently known about the effect of urbanization on aerobiomes and identify several important knowledge gaps in this field, including a lack of rigorous, experimental, multi-scale studies demonstrating the mechanistic pathways between urbanization, altered aerobiomes and human health. We offer practical approaches that can close these knowledge gaps and will facilitate the transfer of knowledge and technology between microbiologists, urban ecologists and publichealth practitioners. This synthesis should stimulate interdisciplinary research efforts to advance our understanding of how urbanization is impacting aerobiome ecosystem services, and what that means for human health.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:microbiome, microbiology, human ecology, aerobiome, urbanisation, urban ecology, urban, aerial, microbial, health, bioaerosol, airborne, exposure, biodiversity
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Human resources and industrial relations
Research Field:Occupational and workplace health and safety
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Flies, EJ (Dr Emily Flies)
UTAS Author:Jones, P (Dr Penelope Jones)
UTAS Author:Buettel, JC (Dr Jessie Buettel)
UTAS Author:Brook, BW (Professor Barry Brook)
ID Code:141494
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2020-10-26
Last Modified:2020-11-04
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