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A new paradigm for social license as a path to marine sustainability


Uffman-Kirsch, LB and Richardson, BJ and Van Putten, IE, A new paradigm for social license as a path to marine sustainability, Frontiers in Marine Science, 7 Article 571373. ISSN 2296-7745 (2020) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 Uffman-Kirsch, Richardson and van Putten. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.571373


Traditional marine governance can create inferior results. Management decisions customarily reflect fluctuating political priorities and formidable special-interest influence. Governments face distrust and conflicts of interest. Industries face fluctuating or confusing rules. Communities feel disenfranchised to affect change. The marine environment exhibits the impacts. While perceived harm to diverse values and priorities, disputed facts and legal questions create conflict, informed and empowered public engagement prepares governments to forge socially legitimate and environmentally acceptable decisions. Integrity, transparency and inclusiveness matter. This article examines positive contributions engaged communities can make to marine governance and relates it to social license. Social license suffers critique as vague and manufactured. Here its traditional understanding as extra-legal approval that communities give to resource choices is broadened to include a legally sanctioned power to deliberate—social license to engage. The starting hypothesis rests in the legal tradition designating oceans as public assets for which governments hold fiduciary duties of sustainable management benefiting current and future generations. The public trust doctrine houses this legal custom. A procedural due process right for engaged communities should stem from this public-asset classification and afford marine stakeholders standing to ensure management policy accords with doctrinal principles. The (free), prior, informed consent participation standard provides best practice for engaged decision-making. Building on theories from law, social, and political science, we suggest robust public deliberation provides marine use actors methods to earn and sustain their social license to operate, while governmental legitimacy is bolstered by assuring public engagement opportunities are available and protected with outcomes utilized.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:marine management, governance, public trust, social licence
Research Division:Law and Legal Studies
Research Group:Environmental and resources law
Research Field:Environmental law
Objective Division:Law, Politics and Community Services
Objective Group:Justice and the law
Objective Field:Justice and the law not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Uffman-Kirsch, LB (Mrs Lisa Uffman-Kirsch)
UTAS Author:Richardson, BJ (Professor Benjamin Richardson)
UTAS Author:Van Putten, IE (Dr Ingrid Van Putten)
ID Code:141417
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Office of the Faculty of Law
Deposited On:2020-10-19
Last Modified:2021-04-28
Downloads:15 View Download Statistics

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