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Indigenous land and sea management programs (ILSMPs) enhance the wellbeing of Indigenous Australians


Larson, S and Stoeckl, N and Jarvis, D and Addison, J and Grainger, D and Watkin Lui, F, Walalakoo Aboriginal Corporation, Bunuba Dawangarri Aboriginal Corporation RNTBC, Ewamian Aboriginal Corporation RNTBC, Yanunijarra Aboriginal Corporation RNTBC, Indigenous land and sea management programs (ILSMPs) enhance the wellbeing of Indigenous Australians, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, (125) pp. 1-15. ISSN 1661-7827 (2020) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.3390/ijerph17010125


Conservation and environmental management have been reported as offering opportunities to substantially improve the wellbeing of Indigenous people. Using the holistic wellbeing impact evaluation (W-IE) approach—well suited for use in Indigenous communities—we interviewed 190 Indigenous Australians across four communities. All communities were involved in the Indigenous land and sea management programs (ILSMPs). Our study explored the conceptualisation of ‘wellbeing’ by participants. In particular, we were interested in the aspects of wellbeing perceived to be affected by ILSMPs. Out of the 26 wellbeing factors explored, ‘Health centres’; ‘Language’; ‘Schools’; and ‘Safe community’ emerged as being of highest importance to the largest percentage of the respondents. When grouped using principle components analysis (PCA), the ‘Community and society’ domain emerged as the most important; accounting for 52% of the overall importance of all wellbeing factors. The second most important domain was the ‘Country and culture’, contributing 31%. Lastly, ‘Economic aspects’ contributed only 17%. Respondents believed that ILSMPs have played a considerable causal role in improving wellbeing, by positively changing factors most important to them. Specifically, 73% of perceived causal links were related to improvements in the ‘Country and Culture’ and 23% to ‘Community and Society’ domain. We thus conclude that land management for Indigenous people is much more than ecological or environmental management with ILSMPs, perceived to cause a wide range of cultural and social benefits. We also propose ways in which the future design of such programs could be improved to further increase benefits.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Indigenous land and sea management programs, wellbeing, impact evaluation, environment, country
Research Division:Economics
Research Group:Other economics
Research Field:Other economics not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Other plant production and plant primary products
Objective Field:Other plant production and plant primary products not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Stoeckl, N (Professor Natalie Stoeckl)
ID Code:141329
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:13
Deposited By:TSBE
Deposited On:2020-10-15
Last Modified:2022-08-29
Downloads:14 View Download Statistics

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