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General practitioner perceptions of assessment and reporting of absolute cardiovascular disease risk via pathology services: a qualitative study

Citation

Chapman, N and McWhirter, RE and Schultz, MG and Ezzy, D and Nelson, MR and Sharman, JE, General practitioner perceptions of assessment and reporting of absolute cardiovascular disease risk via pathology services: a qualitative study, Family Practice pp. 1-8. ISSN 0263-2136 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 the authors

DOI: doi:10.1093/fampra/cmaa107

Abstract

Background: Guidelines for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention recommend assessment of absolute CVD risk to guide clinical management. Despite this, use among general practitioners (GPs) remains limited.

Objective: Pathology services may provide an appropriate setting to assess and report absolute CVD risk in patients attending for cholesterol measurement. This study aimed to explore GPs perceptions of such a service.

Methods: A focus group and semi-structured interviews were conducted with GPs (n = 18) in Tasmania, Australia, to identify perceptions of assessment and reporting of absolute CVD risk via pathology services. An example pathology report including absolute CVD risk was provided and discussed. Audio-recordings were transcribed and thematically coded by two researchers.

Results: Almost all GPs identified that absolute CVD risk assessed and reported via pathology services could address deficits in practice. First, by reducing the number of appointments required to collect risk factors. Second, by providing a systematic (rather than opportunistic) approach for assessment of absolute CVD risk. Third, by reducing misclassification of patient CVD risk caused by overreliance on clinical intuition. All GPs reported they would order absolute CVD risk when issuing a cholesterol referral if such a service was offered. GPs recommended improving the service by providing information on methods used to measure risk factors on the pathology report.

Conclusions: Absolute CVD risk assessed and reported via pathology services may address challenges of screening CVD risk experienced by GPs in practice and encourage dedicated follow-up care for CVD prevention.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:community medicine, computers in medicine, health promotion, health risk behaviours, population health, screening
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Public health
Research Field:Health promotion
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and health
UTAS Author:Chapman, N (Miss Niamh Chapman)
UTAS Author:McWhirter, RE (Dr Rebekah McWhirter)
UTAS Author:Schultz, MG (Dr Martin Schultz)
UTAS Author:Ezzy, D (Professor Douglas Ezzy)
UTAS Author:Nelson, MR (Professor Mark Nelson)
UTAS Author:Sharman, JE (Professor James Sharman)
ID Code:141247
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2020-10-08
Last Modified:2020-11-09
Downloads:0

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