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Migration of adult children and quality of life of older parents left-behind in Nepal


Thapa, DK and Visentin, DC and Kornhaber, R and Cleary, M, Migration of adult children and quality of life of older parents left-behind in Nepal, Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 20, (11) pp. 1061-1066. ISSN 1444-1586 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2020 Japan Geriatrics Society

DOI: doi:10.1111/ggi.14047


Aim: Studies regarding the impact of adult children's migration on older parents left-behind have focused on physical and mental health. This study assessed the relationship between migration of adult children and quality of life (QOL) of older parents left-behind in Nepal.

Methods: A cross-sectional community-based survey was carried out (May-July 2019) among 791 randomly selected older adults aged ≥60 years. QOL was measured using the World Health Organization Quality of Life-abbreviated scale, and migration status was assessed into three categories: no migration, internal migration only and any international migration. A range of sociodemographic characteristics were measured for adjustment. Associations between migration of children and each domain of the QOL were examined by multilevel mixed regression.

Results: Scores for QOL were; 58.8 19.8 for physical, 63.7 18.0 for psychological, 60.7 16.2 for social, and 61.8 15.0 for environmental domains. This study identified positive and null associations between the migration of children and QOL for parents, with higher scores for physical (b = 5.16, P = 0.017) and environmental (b = 3.19, P = 0.046) domains among left-behind parents whose children migrated internally compared with parents whose children did not migrate.

Conclusions: The findings differ from previous research showing poorer QOL among left-behind older parents. Migration plays a significant role in shaping physical and environmental QOL among left-behind parents living in rural areas with important implications for migrants, their families, researchers and social scientists.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:cross-sectional research, left-behind older parents, migration of children, quality of life, WHOQOL-BREF
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Nursing
Research Field:Aged care nursing
Objective Division:Law, Politics and Community Services
Objective Group:Community services
Objective Field:Ageing and older people
UTAS Author:Thapa, DK (Mr Deependra Thapa)
UTAS Author:Visentin, DC (Dr Denis Visentin)
UTAS Author:Kornhaber, R (Dr Rachel Kornhaber)
UTAS Author:Cleary, M (Professor Michelle Cleary)
ID Code:141191
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Nursing
Deposited On:2020-10-02
Last Modified:2021-11-10

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