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Oceans Plastics Charter


Haward, M, Oceans Plastics Charter, Essential Concepts of Global Environmental Governance, Routledge, JF Morin and A Orsini (ed), United Kingdom, pp. 171-173. ISBN 9780367418694 (2021) [Research Book Chapter]

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Copyright 2021 The Author

DOI: doi:10.4324/9780367816681


Increased attention is being directed at the problem of marine plastic pollution (Borrelle et al. 2017; Haward 20 18). Annually between 4.8 and 12. 7 million tonnes of plastic is estimated to be dumped in the world's seas and oceans (UNEP 2017) . A vast majority of marine plastic pollution (over 80%) derives from land-based sources. While this is a global problem-plastics reach the sea from all coastal states-83 % of land-based sourced marine plastic pollution originates from 20 of the world's 192 coastal states and the "top 20 polluting rivers were mostly located in Asia" (Lohr et al. 2017: 91 ). This can be explained in part as plastic waste is correlated to size of population (Lohr et al. 2017), but many developed countries have exported plastics to a number of Asian states for recycling (O'Neill 2019).

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:oceans plastics, pollution, international organisations, G20
Research Division:Human Society
Research Group:Policy and administration
Research Field:Environment policy
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Coastal and estuarine systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of coastal and estuarine ecosystems
UTAS Author:Haward, M (Professor Marcus Haward)
ID Code:141181
Year Published:2021 (online first 2020)
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2020-09-30
Last Modified:2021-02-17

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