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Marine heatwaves


Oliver, ECJ and Benthuysen, JA and Darmaraki, S and Donat, MG and Hobday, AJ and Holbrook, NJ and Schlegel, RW and Sen Gupta, A, Marine heatwaves, Annual Review of Marine Science, 13 pp. 313-342. ISSN 1941-0611 (2020) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright © 2021 by Annual Reviews

DOI: doi:10.1146/annurev-marine-032720-095144


Ocean temperature variability is a fundamental component of the Earth's climate system, and extremes in this variability affect the health of marine ecosystems around the world. The study of marine heatwaves has emerged as a rapidly growing field of research, given notable extreme warm-water events that have occurred against a background trend of global ocean warming. This review summarizes the latest physical and statistical understanding of marine heatwaves based on how they are identified, defined, characterized, and monitored through remotely sensed and in situ data sets. We describe the physical mechanisms that cause marine heatwaves, along with their global distribution, variability, and trends. Finally, we discuss current issues in this developing research area, including considerations related to the choice of climatological baseline periods in defining extremes and how to communicate findings in the context of societal needs.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:marine heatwaves, climate extremes, sea surface temperature, climate change, mixed-layer dynamics, ocean circulation, air–sea heat flux, climate variability
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Atmospheric sciences
Research Field:Atmospheric sciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Climate variability (excl. social impacts)
UTAS Author:Holbrook, NJ (Professor Neil Holbrook)
ID Code:141175
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:90
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2020-09-30
Last Modified:2021-09-20
Downloads:7 View Download Statistics

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