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Healthcare challenges of incarcerated women in Australia: an integrative review


Stewart, C and Bourke, SL and Green, JA and Johnson, E and Anish, L and Muduwa, M and Jones, LK, Healthcare challenges of incarcerated women in Australia: an integrative review, International Journal of Healthcare, 7, (1) pp. 10-17. ISSN 2377-7338 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2021 Sciedu Press

DOI: doi:10.5430/ijh.v7n1p10


Background: Despite the rise in numbers of incarceration women, disparities between health care services and access exist. The health needs of incarcerated women is complex and influenced by multiple social determinants of health.

Purpose: Explore the healthcare issues of incarcerated women within Australian Prisons.

Methods: Integrative review of the literature.

Results: Incarcerated women represent a small proportion of the prison population within Australia, however, health outcomes are significantly impacted. Socioeconomic status, abuse (physical, emotional, sexual), previous incarceration, generational factors are some of the factors impeding the health of incarcerated women. Mental health, chronic disease conditions, maternal and child factors are significant health concerns of this vulnerable population. There is a disparity in health access and programs to improve their health outcomes. This paper explores the challenges impacting the health of incarcerated women.

Conclusions: Significant disparities exist in the access of health services available to incarcerated women. There needs to be more focus upon improving access to health services and health support programs to meet the complex health needs of incarcerated in Australia. Furthermore, there is a need for more primary health nurses to prevent and address the healthcare issues of this population.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:incarcerated, imprisoned women, incarcerated mothers, indigenous, cultural safety, children/incarcerated women
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Health services and systems not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)
Objective Field:Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health) not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Jones, LK (Dr Linda Jones)
ID Code:141054
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Nursing
Deposited On:2020-09-22
Last Modified:2020-11-09

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