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Stagnation and mass loss on a Himalayan debris-covered glacier: processes, patterns and rates

Citation

Thompson, SS and Benn, DI and Mertes, J and Luckman, A, Stagnation and mass loss on a Himalayan debris-covered glacier: processes, patterns and rates, Journal of Glaciology, 62, (233) pp. 467-485. ISSN 0022-1430 (2016) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1017/jog.2016.37

Abstract

The ablation areas of debris-covered glaciers typically consist of a complex mosaic of surface features with contrasting processes and rates of mass loss. This greatly complicates glacier response to climate change, and increases the uncertainty of predictive models. In this paper we present a series of high-resolution DEMs and repeat lake bathymetric surveys on Ngozumpa Glacier, Nepal, to study processes and patterns of mass loss on a Himalayan debris-covered glacier in unprecedented detail. Most mass loss occurs by melt below supraglacial debris, and melt and calving of ice cliffs (backwasting). Although ice cliffs cover only ~5% of the area of the lower tongue, they account for 40% of the ablation. The surface debris layer is subject to frequent re-distribution by slope processes, resulting in large spatial and temporal differences in debris-layer thickness, enhancing or inhibiting local ablation rates and encouraging continuous topographic inversion. A moraine-dammed lake on the lower glacier tongue (Spillway Lake) underwent a period of rapid expansion from 2001 to 2009, but later experienced a reduction of area and volume as a result of lake level lowering and sediment redistribution. Rapid lake growth will likely resume in the near future, and may eventually become up to 7 km long.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:debris-covered glaciers, glacier hazards, glacier mass balance, moraine, remote sensing
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical geography and environmental geoscience
Research Field:Glaciology
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Natural hazards
Objective Field:Natural hazards not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Thompson, SS (Dr Sarah Thompson)
ID Code:140807
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:70
Deposited By:Australian Antarctic Program Partnership
Deposited On:2020-09-09
Last Modified:2020-10-19
Downloads:2 View Download Statistics

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