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Conversion of unstable compounds can contribute to the auxin pool during sample preparation


Gelinas-Marion, A and Nichols, DS and Ross, JJ, Conversion of unstable compounds can contribute to the auxin pool during sample preparation, Plant Physiology, 183, (4) pp. 1432-1434. ISSN 0032-0889 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 American Society of Plant Biologists

DOI: doi:10.1104/pp.20.00251


Auxin is a powerful regulator of plant growth and development (Heisler and Byrne, 2020). Accurate quantification of the main form of auxin, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), is therefore essential for the study of auxin biology. Synthetic forms of the IAA-related compounds indole-3-pyruvic acid (IPyA) and indole-3-acetaldehyde (IAAld) have been shown to convert nonenzymatically to IAA, particularly in aqueous environments (Ernstsen et al., 1986; Tam and Normanly, 1998; Quittenden et al., 2009; Dai et al., 2013). These compounds are present in plants, and IPyA is now considered the main intermediate between tryptophan and IAA (Zhao, 2018). If substantial amounts of IPyA and/or IAAld convert to IAA during sample preparation, IAA quantification may be severely compromised. Here, a cysteamine-based derivatization method for converting IPyA and IAAld to stable forms (Novák et al., 2012) was used to demonstrate that endogenous IAA-related compounds can convert nonenzymatically to IAA during pea (Pisum sativum) and Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) sample preparation. In derivatized samples, quantified IAA content was up to 40% lower than in underivatized controls. As a result, we recommend that harvested samples be derivatized soon after the completion of a short extraction period.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:plant hormone, auxin
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Environmentally sustainable plant production
Objective Field:Environmentally sustainable plant production not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Gelinas-Marion, A (Dr Ariane Gelinas-Marion)
UTAS Author:Nichols, DS (Dr David Nichols)
UTAS Author:Ross, JJ (Associate Professor John Ross)
ID Code:140790
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Central Science Laboratory
Deposited On:2020-09-08
Last Modified:2021-02-11

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